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D-raf, a Drosophila homolog of Raf-1, plays key roles in multiple signal transduction pathways. Dsor1, a putative factor downstream of D-raf, was genetically identified by screening of dominant suppressors of D-raf. Dsor1Su1 mapped on X chromosome significantly suppressed the D-raf mutant phenotypes, and the loss-of-function mutations of Dsor1 showed(More)
We describe a Drosophila gene, orbit, that encodes a conserved 165-kD microtubule-associated protein (MAP) with GTP binding motifs. Hypomorphic mutations in orbit lead to a maternal effect resulting in branched and bent mitotic spindles in the syncytial embryo. In the larval central nervous system, such mutants have an elevated mitotic index with some(More)
We address the relative roles of astral and central spindle microtubules (MTs) in cytokinesis of Drosophila melanogaster primary spermatocytes. Time-lapse imaging studies reveal that the central spindle is comprised of two MT populations, "interior" central spindle MTs found within the spindle envelope and "peripheral" astral MTs that probe the cytoplasm(More)
Transgenic flies were established in which ectopic expression of boundary element-associated factor (BEAF) 32A was targeted to the Drosophila eye imaginal disc. The eyes of the adult fly displayed a severe rough eye phenotype. When these eyes were sectioned, most ommatidia were found to be fused and irregularly shaped rhabdomeres were observed. In the(More)
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae is an important plant pathogen which causes bacterial blight of rice. To facilitate genome studies of this bacterium, we have constructed a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of strain MAFF 311018. It consisted of 750 clones representing 16 genome equivalents, and had an insert size ranging from 20 to 220 kb with an(More)
We have successfully generated a Drosophila model of human polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases by the targeted expression of expanded-polyQ (ex-polyQ) in the Drosophila compound eye. The resulting eye degeneration is progressive and ex-polyQ dosage- and ex-polyQ length-dependent. Furthermore, intergenerational changes in repeat length were observed in(More)
In phase-2 cells of diphasic Salmonella strains, expression of the phase-1 flagellin-encoding gene, fliC, is repressed by the repressor encoded by the fljA gene. Nine operator-constitutive (Oc) mutants of fliC were isolated from S. typhimurium by selecting those which could express fliC in the presence of the repressor. Among them, eight mutants could(More)
A spontaneous white mutation, white-milky (wmky) of Drosophila simulans is moderately unstable and is associated with a 16-kb long DNA insertion into the white gene. wmky, which is an unstable mutation found in D. simulans, has been genetically analyzed. Among nine spontaneous, partial reversions toward wild type, five were white locus mutations. They are(More)
Hybrids from the cross between males of Drosophila melanogaster and females of its sibling species (D. simulans, D. mauritiana, or D. sechellia) are embryonic lethal when they carry the wild type allele of zygotic hybrid rescue (zhr) from D. melanogaster. The zhr gene has been mapped in the proximal region of the X heterochromatin slightly distal to the(More)
Here we report the genetic analyses of histone lysine methyltransferase (KMT) genes in the phytopathogenic fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. Eight putative M. oryzae KMT genes were targeted for gene disruption by homologous recombination. Phenotypic assays revealed that the eight KMTs were involved in various infection processes at varying degrees. Moset1(More)