Learn More
PURPOSE To evaluate the consequences of the expression of a mutant mouse opsin gene on rod- and cone-mediated function. Experimental conditions were chosen to provide a basis of comparison to the results reported for patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (ADRP) in whom the proline at position 23 has been replaced by a histidine (P23H). (More)
This study evaluated retinal function in mice following the expression of oncogenes under the control of photoreceptor-specific promoters in transgenic mice. Electroretinograms (ERGs) were recorded under stimulus conditions chosen to elicit rod- or cone-mediated components. In one transgenic line (MOT1), the simian virus 40 large tumor antigen was expressed(More)
We have produced transgenic mice (rdta mice) that express the gene for an attenuated diphtheria toxin under the control of a portion of the rhodopsin promotor. Morphologically, expression of this transgene results in the elimination of the majority of cell bodies in the outer nuclear layer (ONL) of the retina. This cell loss is evident as early as postnatal(More)
PURPOSE Mutations at various loci on the rhodopsin gene have been shown to cause autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (ADRP). One of the most common is a point mutation (P23H) near the N-terminus of the protein. The authors have studied the effects of light deprivation on the rate of degeneration in pigmented transgenic mice expressing the P23H mutation(More)
Rod-mediated electroretinograms (ERG's) were recorded from transgenic mice expressing a mouse opsin gene with three point mutations (V20G, P23H, and P27L; termed VPP mice) and from normal littermates. The leading edge of the alpha wave was analyzed in relation to a computational model of rod phototransduction [J. Physiol. 499, 719 (1992)], in which values(More)
Cone-mediated electroretinograms (ERGs) were obtained from normal mice during the course of light adaptation to a rod-desensitizing adapting field. Responses obtained during the early minutes of light adaptation were smaller in amplitude, and delayed in implicit time in comparison to responses obtained to the same stimulus presented later during light(More)
Expression of a mouse opsin transgene containing three point mutations (V20G, P23H, and P27L; termed VPP) causes a progressive photoreceptor degeneration that resembles in many important respects that seen in patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa caused by a P23H point mutation. We have attempted to determine whether the degree of(More)
The localization of methionine-enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8 (Met-Enk-Arg-Gly-Leu)-like immunoreactivity in the medullospinal liquor-contacting neurons (LCNs) of the rat was immunohistochemically investigated using a modified Sternberger's PAP method. In this study, we also examined the distribution of Met-Enk-Arg-Gly-Leu-like immunoreactive LCNs in the entire(More)
We have previously developed a new malaria vaccine delivery system based on the baculovirus dual expression system (BDES). In this system, expression of malaria antigens is driven by a dual promoter consisting of the baculovirus-derived polyhedrin and mammal-derived cytomegalovirus promoters. To test this system for its potential as a vaccine against human(More)
The occurrence and localization of Met-enkephalin-Arg-Gly-Leu (Met-Enk-Arg-Gly-Leu)-like immunoreactivity in the lumbar paravertebral ganglion and the superior mesenteric ganglion in the rat were investigated by immunocytochemistry. Colchicine was employed as an axonal flow blocker to accumulate Met-Enk-Arg-Gly-Leu in the nerve cell bodies. The(More)