Yoshihiro Fukuoka

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The expression of FcgammaR by human skin-derived mast cells of the MC(TC) type was determined in the current study. Expression of mRNA was analyzed with microarray gene chips and RT-PCR; protein by Western blotting and flow cytometry; function by release of beta-hexosaminidase, PGD(2), leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)), IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, GM-CSF, and TNF-alpha.(More)
Both mast cells and complement participate in innate and acquired immunity. The current study examines whether beta-tryptase, the major protease of human mast cells, can directly generate bioactive complement anaphylatoxins. Important variables included pH, monomeric vs tetrameric forms of beta-tryptase, and the beta-tryptase-activating polyanion. The B12(More)
Mast cells are widely distributed throughout the body and express effector functions in allergic reactions, inflammatory diseases, and host defense. Activation of mast cells results in exocytosis of preformed chemical mediators and leads to novel synthesis and secretion of lipid mediators and cytokines. Here, we show that human mast cells also express and(More)
We examine whether complement factor C3 or C5 is synthesized by human skin-derived mast cells and whether their synthesis is regulated by cytokines. C3 and C5 mRNAs were assessed by RT-PCR, and proteins by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy, Western blotting, and ELISA. C3 and C5 mRNAs were each expressed, and baseline protein levels/10(6) cultured mast(More)
Complement C2 was isolated from 17 mouse strains by immunoprecipitation and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and examined for structural polymorphism by using micro-peptide mapping. By comparing the peptide maps of tryptic digests of C2 from various strains, two allotypic variations were detected. B 10 and 14 other mouse strains(More)
Tryptase (alpha and beta) levels in serum are used to assess mast cell involvement in human disease. Using cultured cells, the current study examines the hypothesis that protryptase(s) are spontaneously secreted by mast cells at rest, whereas mature tryptase(s) are stored in secretory granules until their release by activated cells. HMC-1 cells have only(More)
beta-Tryptase is a trypsin-like serine protease stored in mast cell secretory granules primarily as an enzymatically active tetramer. The current study aims to determine whether monomeric beta-tryptase also can exhibit enzyme activity, as suggested previously. At neutral pH beta-tryptase tetramers in the absence of heparin or dextran sulfate spontaneously(More)
BACKGROUND Alpha and beta-tryptase levels in serum are clinical tools for the evaluation of systemic anaphylaxis and systemic mastocytosis. Basophils and mast cells are known to produce these proteins. OBJECTIVE The current study examines the effect of the alpha,beta-tryptase genotype on basophil tryptase levels and the type of tryptase stored in these(More)
Human β-tryptase is stored in secretory granules of human mast cells as a heparin-stabilized tetramer. β-Protryptase in solution can be directly processed to the mature enzyme by cathepsin (CTS) L and CTSB, and sequentially processed by autocatalysis at R(-3), followed by CTSC proteolysis. However, it is uncertain which CTS is involved in protryptase(More)
The novel tetrameric structure of human beta-tryptase faces each active site into the central pore, thereby restricting access of most biologic protease inhibitors. The mechanism by which the anti-tryptase mAb B12 inhibits human beta-tryptase peptidase and proteolytic activities at neutral pH, but augments proteolytic activity at acidic pH, was examined. At(More)