Learn More
Thrombo-occlusive cerebrovascular disease resulting in stroke and permanent neuronal loss is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Because of the unique properties of cerebral vasculature and the limited reparative capability of neuronal tissue, it has been difficult to devise effective neuroprotective therapies in cerebral ischemia. Our results(More)
Basophils express major histocompatibility complex class II, CD80 and CD86 and produce interleukin 4 (IL-4) in various conditions. Here we show that when incubated with IL-3 and antigen or complexes of antigen and immunoglobulin E (IgE), basophils internalized, processed and presented antigen as complexes of peptide and major histocompatibility complex(More)
Interferon (IFN)-gamma is produced by T cells and natural killer cells and activates monocytes and dendritic cells (DCs). Recently, IFN-gamma has been shown to be produced by mouse DCs following stimulation with interleukin (IL)-12, which is markedly augmented by the addition of IL-18. We here analyzed whether human DCs secrete IFN-gamma in response to(More)
We recently reported that a broad-spectrum caspase inhibitor zVAD-fmk failed, while p38 inhibitor SB203580 succeeded, to prevent chromatin condensation and nuclear fragmentation induced by hypoxia in tube-forming HUVECs. In this study, we investigated the reasons for zVAD-fmk's inability to inhibit these morphological changes at the molecular level. The(More)
Bone marrow stromal cells provide a microenvironment for hematopoiesis. Adipocytes are the major stromal cell phenotype in bone marrow, but their function in hematopoiesis is poorly understood. In this study, we compared the hematopoietic-supporting capacity of adipocytes and their progenitor, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), by culturing human cord blood(More)
We present a case of hepatosplenic sarcoidosis. A 51-year-old Japanese male, who was diagnosed to have sarcoidosis 4 years previously, was presented to our hospital because of dry cough and anorexia with weight loss. He had tender hepatosplenomegaly. A dynamic abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple small low-density areas in both liver and(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was reported to be effective in preventing acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in a murine model. We examined serum HGF concentrations in 38 patients receiving allogeneic bone marrow transplants, and investigated the relationship of serum HGF concentrations to severity of acute GVHD. More HGF was present in sera from(More)
This study focuses on a possible role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in interstitial pulmonary diseases. We determined a soluble form of ICAM-1 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) using ELISA in patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), bronchiolitis obliterance organizing pneumonia (BOOP), or nonspecific interstitial(More)
Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive tumor of serosal surfaces, which is refractory to current treatment options. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is used clinically to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia, and also to inhibit proliferation of several solid tumors including hepatoma, esophageal, and gastric cancer in vitro. Here we found that As2O3 inhibited cell(More)
OBJECTIVE Anemia is common in patients with heart failure and several factors have been thought to cause anemia in heart failure. Despite vigorous studies, the mechanism underlying the pathophysiology of anemia in heart failure is unknown. We investigated the iron regulating system in Dahl salt-sensitive heart failure rats to elucidate the mechanism of(More)