Yoshihiro Fujimori

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Basophils express major histocompatibility complex class II, CD80 and CD86 and produce interleukin 4 (IL-4) in various conditions. Here we show that when incubated with IL-3 and antigen or complexes of antigen and immunoglobulin E (IgE), basophils internalized, processed and presented antigen as complexes of peptide and major histocompatibility complex(More)
Thrombo-occlusive cerebrovascular disease resulting in stroke and permanent neuronal loss is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Because of the unique properties of cerebral vasculature and the limited reparative capability of neuronal tissue, it has been difficult to devise effective neuroprotective therapies in cerebral ischemia. Our results(More)
The reported outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from HLA-mismatched family members has been inconsistent. The object of this study was to evaluate the true impact of HLA-mismatch by using recent data from a homogenous population, excluding HSCT procedures that used graft manipulations, and by considering genotypic matching. Clinical(More)
Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is mediated by grafted T lymphocytes after their polarization into type 1 T cells. Interleukin (IL)-18, a novel immunoregulatory cytokine, strongly stimulates type 1 T cells, therefore we postulated that IL-18 may be involved in the pathogenesis of aGVHD. Using an(More)
Summary:Infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) or human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) may have a role in vascular endothelial damage after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In total, 41 patients who underwent BMT were classified into four groups (12, 10, 7, and 12 patients who were infected with both CMV and HHV-6, CMV alone, HHV-6, and neither virus, respectively).(More)
The CNS has the potential to marshal strong reparative mechanisms, including activation of endogenous neurogenesis, after a brain injury such as stroke. However, the response of neural stem/progenitor cells to stroke is poorly understood. Recently, neural stem/progenitor cells have been identified in the cerebral cortex, as well as previously recognized(More)
The activity of natural killer (NK) cells in human umbilical cord blood (CB) has been reported to be low, compared with that in adult peripheral blood (PB) in vitro. To examine the cause of this, after dividing the CD56+/CD3- cells in CB and PB into CD56bright and CD56dim NK cells, the NK cell activities and the expression of various surface antigens were(More)
Bone marrow transplantation has been established as a useful treatment for various hematological disorders and is now performed widely, but the mortality rate is still high due to various complications. A clear therapeutic policy for such complications has not yet been established because of their complex nature. We investigated whether the major(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was reported to be effective in preventing acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in a murine model. We examined serum HGF concentrations in 38 patients receiving allogeneic bone marrow transplants, and investigated the relationship of serum HGF concentrations to severity of acute GVHD. More HGF was present in sera from(More)
Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive tumor of serosal surfaces, which is refractory to current treatment options. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is used clinically to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia, and also to inhibit proliferation of several solid tumors including hepatoma, esophageal, and gastric cancer in vitro. Here we found that As2O3 inhibited cell(More)