Yoshihiro Fuchikami

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In maturing seed cells, many newly synthesized proteins are transported to the protein storage vacuoles (PSVs) via vesicles unique to seed cells. Vacuolar sorting determinants (VSDs) in most of these proteins have been determined using leaf, root or suspension-cultured cells apart from seed cells. In this study, we examined the VSD of the alpha' subunit of(More)
D-glutamate, an indispensable component of peptidoglycans of bacteria, is provided by glutamate racemase in E. coli cells. Compensation for D-glutamate auxotrophy of E. coli WM335 cells lacking the glutamate racemase gene, murI, with the D-amino acid aminotransferase gene suggests that presence of a threshold concentration for the D-glutamate required by E.(More)
D-amino acid aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.21) catalyzes the interconversion of various D-amino acids and 2-oxo acids. Each homodimer subunit consists of two domains, which are connected by a single loop, Asn118-Pro119-Arg120-Pro121. The loop has no direct contact with the active site region or the cofactor, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. We attempted to increase the(More)
D-Amino acid aminotransferase [EC 2.6.1.21] catalyzes the inter-conversion between various D-amino acids and alpha-keto acids. The subunit of the homodimeric enzyme from Bacillus sp. YM-1 consists of two domains connected by a single loop, which has no direct contact with the active site residues or the cofactor, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate [Sugio, S., Petsko,(More)
The activity and substrate specificity of D-amino acid aminotransferase (D-AAT) (EC 2.6.1.21) can be rationally modulated by replacing the loop core (P119-R120-P121) with glycine chains of different lengths: 1, 3, or 5 glycines. The mutant enzymes were much more active than the wild-type enzyme in the overall reactions between various amino acids and(More)
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