Yoshihiro Amaya

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A soluble form of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase was purified to apparent homogeneity from the culture media of Sf9 cells which had been infected with recombinant baculoviruses encoding human tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). To facilitate purification, an oligonucleotide consisting of 6 tandem codons for histidine and a stop codon(More)
Tissue-non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) with an Arg(54)-->Cys (R54C) or an Asp(277)-->Ala (D277A)substitution was found in a patient with hypophosphatasia [Henthorn,Raducha, Fedde, Lafferty and Whyte (1992) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.89, 9924-9928]. To examine effects of these missense mutations onproperties of TNSALP, the TNSALP mutants were(More)
In the majority of hypophosphatasia patients, reductions in the serum levels of alkaline phosphatase activity are caused by various missense mutations in the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) gene. A unique frame-shift mutation due to a deletion of T at cDNA number 1559 [TNSALP (1559delT)] has been reported only in Japanese patients with high(More)
A missense mutation in the gene of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase, which replaces aspartic acid at position 289 with valine [TNSALP (D289V)], was reported in a lethal hypophosphatasia patient [Taillandier, A. et al. (1999) Hum. Mut. 13, 171-172]. To define the molecular defects of TNSALP (D289V), this mutant protein in transiently transfected COS-1(More)
Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) catalyzes the conversion of hypoxanthine to xanthine and xanthine to uric acid with concomitant reduction of either NAD+ or O(2). The enzyme is a target of drugs to treat hyperuricemia, gout and reactive oxygen-related diseases. Human diseases associated with genetically determined dysfunction of XOR are termed xanthinuria,(More)
cDNA of rat liver xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR), a molybdenum-containing iron-sulfur flavoprotein, was expressed in a baculovirus-insect cell system. The expressed XOR consisted of a heterogeneous mixture of native dimeric, demolybdo-dimeric, and monomeric forms, each of which was separated and purified to homogeneity. All the expressed forms contained(More)
Prepro-parathyroid hormone-related protein (ppPTHrP) has two targeting signals, an N-terminal signal sequence and a nuclear localization signal (NLS). In fact, the protein is not only secreted from the cell but also found in the nucleus and/or nucleolus. In order to understand the function of the PTHrP signal sequence for the dual localization, the signal(More)
The primary structure of rat liver xanthine dehydrogenase (EC was determined by sequence analysis of cDNA and purified enzyme. The enzyme consists of 1,319 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 145,034 Da, including initiation methionine, and is homologous to the previously reported Drosophila melanogaster enzyme (Lee, C. S.,(More)
S. KAWAMOTO 1, Y. AMAYA 2, T. ODA 3, T. KUZUMI 4, T. SAHEKI 5, M. TATIBANA 6, S. KIMURA 1 and M. MORI 2 1Department of Bacteriology, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Kaga, ttabashi-ku, Tokyo 173, Japan; 2Institute for Medical Genetics, Kumamoto University Medical School, Kumamoto 862, Japan; 3Department of Biochemistry, Hamamatsu University School of(More)