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BACKGROUND Although the usefulness of the antimicrobial peptides known as defensins has been suggested against oral and skin infections, possible adverse effects of the defensins on the host should be understood before clinical applications can be contemplated. OBJECTIVE In the present study, we investigated how alpha-defensin (HNP-1) and beta-defensins(More)
Patients with atypical odontalgia (AO) complain of medically unexplained toothache. No evidence-based diagnostic criteria or treatment guidelines are yet available. The present paper addresses seven clinical questions about AO based on current knowledge in the literature and discusses diagnostic criteria and guidelines for treatment and management. The(More)
This review summarizes the biological properties of the junctional epithelium, focusing on its developmental aspects, wide intercellular spaces and desmosomes, dense granules, permeability barrier, phagocytotic activity, adhesive structures and nerve terminals. It also discusses the morphology and functions of long junctional epithelium and peri-implant(More)
Mammalian myeloid and epithelial cells express many antimicrobiotic peptides that contribute to innate host defense against invading microbes. In the present study, a 27-mer peptide of the C-terminal domain (hCAP18(109-135)) and analogs of the antimicrobial peptide human cathelicidin LL-37/human cationic antimicrobial protein 18 (hCAP18) were examined for(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to elucidate why odontogenic keratocysts (OKC) can form cystic lesions but not tumor masses, notwithstanding their prominent proliferative activity. METHODS We investigated cellular proliferation, cell death, and expression of apoptosis-related proteins in the lining cells of OKCs and of dentigerous cysts (DGCs).(More)
OBJECTIVE Human beta-defensins (hBDs) are a group of antimicrobial peptides, expressed by the epithelial cells of many organs including gingival epithelium. The present study examined correlation between the gene expressions of hBD-1, -2, -3 mRNAs and the inflammatory cytokines in human gingival tissues. STUDY DESIGN The gingival tissues were obtained(More)
The oral epithelium functions as a mechanical and protective barrier to resist bacterial infection. beta-Defensins are a group of antimicrobial peptides mainly produced by epithelial cells of many organs including skin, lung, kidney, pancreas, uterus, eye, and nasal and oral mucosa. This review focuses on beta-defensins (BDs) in oral epithelia and discusses(More)
BACKGROUND Oral squamous cell carcinoma and the most common oral pre-malignancies appear to be related to the habit of betel-quid chewing in Sri Lanka. Although hypermethylation of the tumour suppressor genes in oral cancer have been well documented, little information has been available concerning hypermethylation in oral pre-cancerous lesions. In the(More)
We have examined the expression of MIP-3alpha/CCL20 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in vivo and in vitro. In addition, we have investigated whether the expression of MIP-3alpha/CCL20 is regulated by bacterial infection and inflammatory cytokines. In order to determine the mRNA level of MIP-3alpha, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain(More)
Human beta defensin 2 (hBD-2) is a major antimicrobial peptide that is produced by many types of epithelial cells, and is transcriptionally inducible by various proinflammatory agents, such as cytokines and bacteria. Although in vitro studies of the hBDs in oral epithelial cells have been well documented, only little is known about the in vivo pathological(More)