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Effect of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) agonists, WY-14,643 (WY) and/or clofibrate, on the leucine-induced phosphorylation of translational targets in C2C12 myoblasts was studied. C2C12 cells were treated with WY or clofibrate for 24 h prior to stimulation with leucine. Western blot analyses revealed that the leucine-induced(More)
It has been proposed that mechanically induced tension is the critical factor in the induction of muscle hypertrophy. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in this process are still under investigation. In the present study, the effect of mechanical stretch on intracellular signaling for protein translation initiation and elongation was studied in(More)
Effects of 14 days of hindlimb unloading or synergist ablation-related overloading with or without deafferentation on the fiber cross-sectional area, myonuclear number, size, and domain, the number of nucleoli in a single myonucleus, and the levels in the phosphorylation of the ribosomal protein S6 (S6) and 27-kDa heat shock protein (HSP27) were studied in(More)
The effects of supplementation with creatine (Cr) and its analog, β-guanidinopropionic acid (β-GPA), on the differentiation of myoblasts and the numbers of nucleoli were studied in C2C12 cells. The cells were cultured in differentiation medium for 4 d. Then Cr (1 mM) or β-GPA (1 mM) was added to the cells, and the mixture was cultured for an additional 2 d.(More)
Effects of hindlimb suspension (HS) and ambulation recovery on hippocampal neurogenesis of newly weaned rats were studied by using immunohistochemical techniques. The number of proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive (PCNA(+)) cells in the subgranular zone (SGZ) markedly decreased during normal growth. However, neither HS nor subsequent recovery caused(More)
There are a tremendous number of asbestos-containing buildings without any surveys on the presence of asbestos because of the difficulty to detect asbestos in building materials simply and quickly, although a great deal of worldwide effort was put into removing asbestos of which inhalation causes serious diseases. In this study, we newly developed a simple(More)
In point scanning imaging, data are acquired by sequentially scanning each pixel of a predetermined area. This way of scanning leads to time delays between pixels, especially for lower scanning speed or large scanned areas. Therefore, experiments are often performed at lower framerates in order to ensure a sufficient signal-to-noise ratio, even though(More)
The regulatory mechanism of fusion steps in nuclear envelope assembly was studied in vitro using cell-free extracts of Xenopus eggs. The nuclear envelope is formed only around the chromatin at the end of mitosis. Two kinds of vesicles are required for nuclear envelope assembly (J. Cell Biol. 112 (1991) 545). Light vesicles (LVs) have the chromatin-binding(More)
In the pre-Bötzinger complex of the ventral medulla (preBötC), a variable pattern of inspiratory neuronal output and synchronous activation of inspiratory cells can be observed. However, it is not well known whether cellular activation patterns among inspiratory cells are variable or fixed. Here, we evaluated the activation sequence of inspiratory cells(More)