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Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs)/cancer-initiating cells (CICs) are defined as a small population of cancer cells that have high tumorigenicity. Furthermore, CSCs/CICs are resistant to several cancer therapies, and CSCs/CICs are therefore thought to be responsible for cancer recurrence after treatment and distant metastasis. In epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)(More)
A novel monoclonal anti-pan human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I heavy chain antibody, EMR8-5, was established. It could detect HLA-A, -B, and -C antigens in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissues. By immunohistochemical staining using the EMR8-5 antibody, various cancer tissues from 246 cases were examined for HLA class I expression. It was found that(More)
In our previous study, we demonstrated that a peptide derived from the novel centrosome residing protein Cep55/c10orf3 can be targeted by the cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of breast carcinoma patients. In this report, we evaluated the feasibility of cancer immunotherapy using Cep55/c10orf3 peptide for(More)
In mitosis, the duplicated chromosomes are separated and equally distributed to progeny cells under the guidance of the spindle, a dynamic microtubule network. Previous studies revealed a mitotic checkpoint that prevents segregation of the chromosomes until all of the chromosomes are properly attached to microtubules through the kinetochores. A variety of(More)
Pancreatic tumors are chemoresistant and malignant, and there are very few therapeutic options for pancreatic cancer, as the disease is normally diagnosed at an advanced stage. Although attempts have been made to develop vaccine therapies for pancreatic cancer for a couple of decades, none of the resultant protocols or regimens have succeeded in improving(More)
Prostate cancer cells include a small population of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs)/cancer-initiating cells (CICs) that have roles in initiation and progression of the cancer. Recently, we isolated prostate CSCs/CICs as aldehyde dehydrogenase 1-highh (ALDH1(high) ) cells using the ALDEFLUOR assay; however, the molecular mechanisms of prostate CSCs/CICs are(More)
To date an increasing number of T-cell epitopes derived from various tumor-associated antigens have been reported, and they proved to play significant roles for tumor rejection both in vivo and in vitro. Survivin was originally identified as a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family. Expression of this gene is developmentally regulated. Although(More)
We previously found that prostate cancer stem-like cells (CSCs)/cancer-initiating cells (CICs) express hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and that the HGF/c-MET proto-oncogene product (c-MET) signal has a role in the maintenance of prostate CSCs/CICs in an autocrine fashion. HGF is, thus, a novel marker for prostate CSCs/CICs. We hypothesized that high(More)
Survivin and livin are highly expressed in cancer cells and transformed cells, but show little or no expression in normal differentiated tissues. Although human antibody responses to cancer-associated antigens have been detected, the response to livin has not yet been described in lung cancer patients. We examined prevalence of anti-livin antibodies in such(More)
Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, is widely expressed in a variety of human cancer tissues. Survivin inhibits activation of caspases, and its overexpression can lead to resistance to apoptotic stimuli. In this study, survivin protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemical staining of 195 invasive breast cancer(More)