Yoshihiko Hirohashi

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Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, is widely expressed in a variety of human cancer tissues. Survivin inhibits activation of caspases, and its overexpression can lead to resistance to apoptotic stimuli. In this study, survivin protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemical staining of 195 invasive breast cancer(More)
Recently, the SOX2 gene has been reported to be amplified in human lung squamous cell carcinomas. However, its roles in human lung adenocarcinomas are still elusive. In this study, we analyzed the functions of SOX2 in cancer stem-like cells (CSCs)/cancer-initiating cells (CICs) derived from human lung adenocarcinoma. Human lung CSCs/CICs were isolated as(More)
The centrosome is a unique organelle that functions as the microtubule organizing center in most animal cells. During cell division, the centrosomes form the poles of the bipolar mitotic spindle. In addition, the centrosomes are also needed for cytokinesis. Each mammalian somatic cell typically contains one centrosome, which is duplicated in coordination(More)
PURPOSE Various immune systems play important roles in the clinical efficacy of intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) instillation for bladder cancer. However, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules on tumor cells and various immune system cells infiltrating to/around the tumor have not been evaluated, although many prognostic factors,(More)
Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein gene family, inhibits apoptosis and promotes mitosis. We determined whether nuclear or cytoplasmic localization of survivin could predict survival of patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC). Immunohistochemical staining for survivin was carried out on archival specimens from 125(More)
Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) are a small population of cancer cells with superior tumor initiating, self-renewal, and differentiation properties. In this study, we show that the cancer-testis antigen and HSP40 family member DNAJB8 contributes to the CSC phenotype in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). DNAJB8 overexpression increased the percentage of side(More)
We reported previously a HLA-A24-restricted antigenic peptide, survivin-2B80-88 (AYACNTSTL), recognized by CD8(+) CTL. This peptide was derived from survivin protein, an inhibitor of apoptosis proteins, expressed in a variety of tumors, such as adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma. In this report, we provide further evidence that(More)
In mitosis, the duplicated chromosomes are separated and equally distributed to progeny cells under the guidance of the spindle, a dynamic microtubule network. Previous studies revealed a mitotic checkpoint that prevents segregation of the chromosomes until all of the chromosomes are properly attached to microtubules through the kinetochores. A variety of(More)
Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family containing a single baculovirus IAP repeat domain, is highly expressed in cancerous tissues but not in normal counterparts. Our group identified an HLA-A24-restricted antigenic peptide, survivin-2B80-88 (AYACNTSTL), that is recognized by CD8 + CTLs and functions as an immunogenic molecule(More)
Cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome, and the recoverin-specific autoantibody is suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of retinopathy, including apoptosis of retinal cells. Because it is known that CAR(+) cancer patients have a preferable prognosis, we hypothesized that aberrantly expressed recoverin in cancer cells(More)