Yoshihide Fukuda

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Toll-like receptors (TLRs) for bacterial constitutes are expressed not only by phagocytes but also by some subsets of T cells. We previously reported that natural killer T cells (NKT cells) play an important role in liver injury induced by Salmonella infection. In the present study, we investigated whether TLRs on NKT cells are involved in(More)
A new method for hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotyping that analyzes products generated with the HCV Amplicor Monitor Test has been developed. One hundred and sixty-two Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C, including 59 patients with hemophilia, were tested for HCV genotypes and viral loads with this new test, and the results were compared with those of(More)
To characterize the function of a novel Src homology 3 (SH3) adapter protein termed NESH, we have established transfectants stably expressing NESH. We observed that every clone of NESH transfectants caused a marked reduction in motility, although the clones exhibited no significant differences in intrinsic cell growth compared with the control cells in(More)
A 65-year-old man diagnosed with hepatitis C virus-positive hepatitis and severe valvular heart disease was scheduled to undergo cardiac valve replacement. We then found hepatocellular carcinoma in the liver. Because of his severe cardiac dysfunction, we treated him surgically with radiofrequency ablation for the hepatocellular carcinoma only. We continued(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKDH) complex catalyses the committed step in the branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolic pathway. In many cases of liver failure, the serum BCAAs/aromatic amino acids ratio (Fisher's ratio) decreases, and BCAAs have been administered to patients with liver failure to correct this ratio. We(More)
We looked for mutations in the caveolin-1 gene, encoding a critical molecule for membrane signaling to cell growth, in 92 primary human breast cancers, and we report here the identification of a mutation in caveolin-1 at codon 132 (P132L) in 16% of cases. The mutation-positive cases were mostly invasive scirrhous carcinomas. In cell lines expressing the(More)
GB virus C (GBV-C) or hepatitis G virus (HGV) has been transmitted to Japanese patients with hemophilia through the frequent use of unheated blood products. Sequence analysis showed that most of the viruses isolated from these patients belonged to GBV-C/HGV genotype 1, which is usually found in persons from Africa. This may point to the origin of this virus(More)
Interferon (IFN) therapy allows the eradication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in some part of patients with chronic hepatitis C which is major cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To clarify characteristics and prognoses of HCC detected in these patients (sustained responders to IFN), we compared HCC in sustained responders with HCC detected in patients(More)
for hepatocytes in HCV-coinfected individuals, (c) severe side effects of IFN treatment may affect the patients' adherence to HAART, and (d) IFN therapy combined with ribavirin could affect the response to HAART because of a drug interaction. Whether HAART reduces HCV load in HIV-HCV patients is still controversial. Although Samaniego et al initially(More)