Yoshihide Fujiyama

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Interleukin (IL)-22, a member of the IL-10 subfamily, is a recently identified T-cell-derived cytokine. We investigated IL-22 expression in the inflamed mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and analyzed its biologic activities in human colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts (SEMFs). METHODS Mucosal IL-22 expression was(More)
Interleukin (IL)-33 is a cytokine belonging to the IL-1 family. IL-33 has been shown to elicit a Th2-like cytokine response in immune cells. In this study, we investigated IL-33 expression in the inflamed mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and characterized the molecular mechanisms responsible for IL-33 expression in human colonic(More)
Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis is a powerful tool to assess the diversity of a microbial community. In this study, we performed T-RFLP analysis of the fecal microbiota from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and those with Crohn’s disease (CD). Thirty-one patients with UC, 31 patients with CD, and 30 healthy(More)
The role of cross-sectional imaging in the diagnosis of Crohn disease has expanded with recent technologic advances in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging that allow rapid acquisition of high-resolution images of the intestines. To acquire images of diagnostic quality, administration of a fairly large amount of intraluminal contrast(More)
There is increasing evidence that IL-6 plays an important role in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis via its broad proinflammatory actions. To identify the local biosynthetic site for IL-6 in human pancreas, we investigated IL-6 secretion in human pancreatic periacinar myofibroblasts. IL-6 secretion was determined by ELISA and Northern blotting. The(More)
Multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) functions as an efflux pump of nucleoside monophosphate analogs, such as 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN). A single-nucleotide polymorphism in human MRP4 (rs3765534) dramatically reduces MRP4 function and results in the intracellular accumulation of 6-TGN. In this study, we investigated the(More)
The pathogenic mechanisms responsible for inflammatory bowel disease, especially ulcerative colitis (UC), are poorly understood. In animal models, the oral administration of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) induces colitis, which exhibits several clinical and histological features similar to UC. In addition, the longstanding administration of DSS also induces(More)
BACKGROUND Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis is a powerful tool to assess the diversity of complexed microbiota. This permits rapid comparison of microbiota from many samples. In this study, we performed T-RFLP analysis of the fecal microbiota from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS Forty-four patients with UC(More)
Curcumin is a phenolic natural product isolated from the rhizome of Curcuma longa (turmeric). We evaluated the effects of curcumin on the development of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis. BALB/c mice were fed a chow containing either 3.5% (wt/wt) DSS or 3.5% DSS + 2.0% (wt/wt) curcumin. The body weight loss was more apparent in(More)
BACKGROUND Enzyme-treated rice fiber (ERF) is a recently developed prebiotic product made from rice bran by heat-resistant amylase, protease and hemicellulase treatment. Although the detailed mechanism of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is still unclear, the role of the resident luminal bacteria and its interaction on the mucosal barrier seem to be an(More)