Yoshihide Fujiyama

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Colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts (SEMFs) may play a role in the modulation of mucosal inflammatory responses. We investigated the effects of interleukin (IL)-17 on IL-6 and chemokine [IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1] secretion in colonic SEMFs. Cytokine expression was determined by ELISA and Northern blotting. Nuclear factor kappa B(More)
There is increasing evidence that IL-6 plays an important role in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis via its broad proinflammatory actions. To identify the local biosynthetic site for IL-6 in human pancreas, we investigated IL-6 secretion in human pancreatic periacinar myofibroblasts. IL-6 secretion was determined by ELISA and Northern blotting. The(More)
IL-24 is a member of the IL-10 family of cytokines. In this study, we investigated IL-24 expression in the inflamed mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and characterized the molecular mechanisms responsible for IL-24 expression in human colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts (SEMFs). IL-24 expression in the IBD mucosa was evaluated by(More)
We investigated the trace element status in Crohn's disease (CD) patients receiving enteral nutrition, and evaluated the effects of trace element-rich supplementation. Thirty-one patients with CD were enrolled in this study. All patients were placed on an enteral nutrition regimen with Elental(R) (Ajinomoto pharmaceutical. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan). Serum(More)
Interleukin (IL)-32 is a recently described proinflammatory cytokine, characterized by the induction of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation. We studied IL-32alpha expression in human pancreatic periacinar myofibroblasts, which play important roles in the regulation of extracellular matrix metabolism and inflammatory responses in the pancreas. IL-32alpha(More)
We investigated energy expenditure in hospitalized patients with Crohn's disease (CD), and determined optimal energy requirements for nutritional therapy. Sixteen patients (5 women and 11 men, mean age 36 year old, mean BMI 18.7 kg/m(2)) and 8 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. Measured resting energy expenditure (mREE) levels were determined(More)
The metabolism of the linolenic acid family (n-3) of fatty acids, e.g., linolenic, eicosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic acids, in cultured smooth muscle cells from rabbit aorta was compared to the metabolism of linoleic and arachidonic acids. There was a time-dependent uptake of these fatty acids into cells for 16 hr (arachidonic greater than(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Myelosuppression observed in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treated with azathioprine (AZA) has been attributed to low thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) activity. TPMT activity is dependent on the genetic polymorphism of high-versus low-metabolizing alleles. We investigated the association between TPMT genotypes and(More)
We investigated the energy expenditure in hospitalized patients with severe or moderate ulcerative colitis (UC), and compared them to healthy controls. Thirteen patients (5 women and 8 men; mean age 31.8 years; mean BMI 19.0 kg/m(2)) and 10 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. The resting energy expenditure (mREE) levels were determined by(More)
Cellobiose is produced from cellulose using specific bacterial enzymes, and is hydrolyzed into glucose by the enzymes cellobiosidase and cellulase. In this study, we examined the effects of cellobiose on colonic mucosal damage in a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) colitis model. BALB/c mice were divided into two groups. In the first group, the mice were fed(More)