Yoshiharu Kawaguchi

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INTRODUCTION The etiology of degenerative disc disease is unknown. Several investigators have reported the presence of proteolytic enzymes, such as the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin-like repeats) families, in degenerated human discs. Glasson and colleagues recently reported that a(More)
OBJECT The authors report the long-term (more than 10-year) results of cervical laminoplasty for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) of the cervical spine as well as the factors affecting long-term postoperative course. METHODS The authors reviewed data obtained in 92 patients who underwent cervical laminoplasty between 1982 and(More)
Lumbar-disc degeneration (LDD) is a polygenic disease. Susceptibility genes reported so far are mainly extracellular matrix proteins. D14 allele of asporin (ASPN) is associated with osteoarthritis (OA). Candidate-gene association studies showed that the D14 allele is also significantly associated with LDD in Chinese and Japanese individuals. Meta-analysis(More)
OBJECT Osteoporotic vertebral fractures occasionally lead to late-onset collapse, kyphosis, persistent back pain, and disability. The authors describe a series of patients in whom they performed percutaneous vertebroplasty by using calcium phosphate cement (CPC) to obtain early pain relief and improve the integrity of the osteoporotic vertebral body (VB).(More)
OBJECT Few studies have been conducted to compare vertebroplasty and conservative treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). To investigate the effects of calcium phosphate cement (CPC)-based vertebroplasty on relief of pain and augmentation of the fractured vertebral body (VB), the authors compared the results of CPC-assisted(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors for leakage of calcium phosphate cement (CPC) after vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral fractures and to determine whether the vertebral body (VB) leakage caused any changes in the therapeutic benefits. METHODS Between August 2000 and April 2002, the authors performed 65 CPC-assisted(More)
Study Design A multinational, multiethnic, cross-sectional image-based study was performed in 33 institutions, representing 10 countries, which were part of the AOSpine Asia Pacific Research Collaboration Consortium. Objective Lumbar facet joint orientation has been reported to be associated with the development of degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). The(More)
We studied the effect of lumbar orthosis on trunk muscle strength and muscle activity during flexion-extension bending of the trunk in 31 male volunteers. Trunk muscle strength was measured with a kinetic measurement system. Peak torque was calculated by using the mean torque of five repetitions. Trunk muscle activity was measured with commercially(More)
Open Access-This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the source is credited. Case 1 In April 2006, a 77-year-old female fractured her left femur after falling. The cortex had a spike-shaped edge at the(More)
We describe a rare case of lumbar spinal stenosis due to a large calcified mass in the ligamentum flavum. This patient presented with a 12-month history of severe right leg pain and intermittent claudication. A computed tomography scan was performed, revealing a large calcified mass on the ligamentum flavum at the right-hand side of the lumbar spinal canal.(More)