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The purpose of this study was to develop a computerized method for detection of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions in brain magnetic resonance (MR) images. We have proposed a new false positive reduction scheme, which consisted of a rule-based method, a level set method, and a support vector machine. We applied the proposed method to 49 slices selected from 6(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the value of three-dimensional fast imaging with steady-state precession (FISP) MR sequences relative to contrast-enhanced CT and spin-echo MR imaging in the diagnosis of carotid cavernous fistula (CCF). METHODS Seventeen patients with 19 angiographically proved CCFs had contrast-enhanced CT, spin-echo MR(More)
We reported in our previous paper on the characterization of the Na+/H(+)-antiporter gene (ZSOD2) closely related to the salt-tolerance of yeast Zygosaccharomyces rouxii. In the present paper, we have cloned a second gene (ZSOD22) of Na+/H+ antiporter from Z. rouxii. The deduced amino acid sequence of Zsod22p was highly homologous to that of Zsod2p, Sod2p(More)
It has been reported that the severity of subcortical vascular dementia (VaD) correlated with an area ratio of white matter hyperintensity (WMH) regions to the brain parenchyma (WMH area ratio). The purpose of this study was to develop a computer-aided evaluation method of WMH regions for diagnosis of subcortical VaD based on magnetic resonance (MR) images.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate diagnostic accuracy with unenhanced and superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhotic livers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifteen patients with 26 histologically proved HCCs associated with liver cirrhosis underwent imaging with T1-, T2-, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous studies have suggested that use of an artificial neural network (ANN) system is beneficial for radiological diagnosis. Our purposes in this study were to construct an ANN for the differential diagnosis of intra-axial cerebral tumors on MR images and to evaluate the effect of ANN outputs on radiologists' diagnostic(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE Our purpose in this study is to apply an artificial neural network (ANN) for differential diagnosis of certain hepatic masses on computed tomographic (CT) images and evaluate the effect of ANN output on radiologist diagnostic performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS We collected 120 cases of hepatic disease. We used a single three-layer(More)
PURPOSE To assess the diagnostic accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) images in the preoperative evaluation of hemifacial spasm. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 27 patients with surgically confirmed hemifacial spasm, the axial source images from 3D time-of-flight MR angiography were evaluated for 27 symptomatic sides and 26 asymptomatic(More)
It is known that the performance of liquid-crystal display (LCD) monitors, such as the luminance and contrast ratio, is dependent on the viewing angle. Our purpose in this study was to compare the angular performance and the effect on observer performance of different types of LCD monitors. The luminance performance and contrast ratio as a function of(More)
Observer performance tests were conducted to compare the effects of image-processing technique (unsharp mask filtering) on the diagnostic accuracy of computed radiography (CR) with storage phosphors in the detection of microcalcifications. Comparison of detectability of microcalcifications with CR and with screen-film mammography was also performed.(More)