Yoshiharu Deguchi

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Vibrio sp. isolated from a xanthid crab, Atergatis floridus, was cultured, and tetrodotoxin (TTX) and anhydroTTX were indicated to be present in several fractions of the cell extract and the culture medium by reverse phase HPLC. The presence of the C9-base in alkaline hydrolyzates of these fractions was confirmed by GC-MS and UV spectrometry. These results(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport of oxycodone, a cationic opioid agonist, via the pyrilamine transporter, a putative organic cation transporter, using conditionally immortalized rat brain capillary endothelial cells (TR-BBB13). Oxycodone and [3H]pyrilamine were both transported into TR-BBB13 cells in a(More)
Diphenhydramine (DPHM) and oxycodone are weak bases that are able to form cations. Both drugs show active uptake at the blood-brain barrier (BBB). There is thus a possibility for a pharmacokinetic interaction between them by competition for the same uptake transport system. The experiments of the present study were designed to study the transport of DPHM(More)
The effects of galactooligosaccharides intake on fecal microflora and their metabolism were investigated in twelve healthy volunteers, in whom the numbers of indigenous bifidobacteria are comparatively low. The galactooligosaccharides ingestion increased the number of bifidobacteria, but remarkable changes of other organisms were not observed. This sugar(More)
Vibrio sp. strain NM 10 with an inhibitory activity against Pasteurella piscicida K-III was isolated from the intestine of a spotnape ponyfish (Leiognathus nuchalis). This bacterium efficiently produced an antibacterial substance after growth at 20 degrees C for 24 h on 1/5 PYBG agar prepared with 50% seawater at pHs of 7.5 to 9.0. The antibacterial(More)
Purpose. This study was performed to examine the distribution in the brain interstitial fluid (ISF) and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport of baclofen in rats by a microdialysis technique. Methods. Following an i.v. bolus administration and/or the constant i.v. infusion of baclofen to the microdialysis cannula-bearing anesthetized rats, the(More)
Purpose. This study was carried out to examine the blood-brain barrier(BBB) transport of human basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) andinvestigate its mechanism. Methods. The BBB transport of 125I-bFGF was measured by severalin vivo methods including intravenous administration, in situ internalcarotid artery perfusion, and intracerebral microinjection. The(More)
The present study was undertaken to simultaneously measure alpha1 adrenoceptors in rat tissues by [3H]tamsulosin in vivo. In vivo specific [3H]tamsulosin binding was observed in the prostate, vas deferens, aorta, submaxillary gland, spleen, heart, lung, and kidney after i.v. injection of the ligand but not in the cerebral cortex and liver. Specific(More)
Two genes encoding distinct glutamate carrier proteins of Escherichia coli B were cloned into an E. coli K-12 strain by using a cosmid vector, pHC79. One of them was the gltS gene coding for a glutamate carrier of an Na+-dependent, binding protein-independent, and glutamate-specific transport system. The content of the glutamate carrier was amplified about(More)
Morphine-6beta-glucuronide (M6G) is well known as a potent active metabolite in humans. To clarify concentration-antinociceptive effect relationships for morphine and M6G, we evaluated comparatively the pharmacokinetics and antinociceptive effects of morphine and M6G. The spinal CSF concentration and antinociception were simultaneously measured by using the(More)