Yoshifusa Aizawa

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The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily and mediates the biological effects of peroxisome proliferators. To determine the physiological role of PPARalpha in cardiac fatty acid metabolism, we examined the regulation of expression of cardiac fatty acid-metabolizing proteins using(More)
The expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) was dominant in the brains and hearts of mice until the newborn phase. There is no detailed information concerning the relation between the expression of CAR and development of hearts. It is also uncertain whether CAR is able to be induced in adult hearts after cardiac injury. We demonstrated(More)
The cardioprotective properties of carvedilol (a vasodilating beta-adrenoceptor blocking agent) were studied in a rat model of dilated cardiomyopathy induced by autoimmune myocarditis. Twenty-eight days after immunization, surviving Lewis rats (32/43=74%) were divided into three groups to be given 2 mg kg(-1) day(-1) (Group-C2, n=10) or 20 mg kg(-1) day(-1)(More)
BACKGROUND Dyslipidemia, an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, may be associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). Cross-sectional studies that have examined this association, however, have produced controversial results, and few longitudinal studies have been conducted. METHODS AND RESULTS Using annual health examinations in Japan, the(More)
OBJECTIVES Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) in recurrent ventricular fibrillation (VF) associated with inferolateral early repolarization pattern on the electrocardiogram. BACKGROUND Although an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator is the treatment of choice, additional AADs may be necessary to prevent frequent(More)
Ribonuclease protection assay was used to demonstrate mRNA expression of several cytokines as well as inducible NO synthase (iNOS), constitutive endothelial NO synthase (cNOS) and perforin in the myocardium during the course of experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) in rats. Interleukin 2 (IL-2) appeared in the initial inflammatory phase (day 14),(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic kidney disease share risk factors and pathophysiologic mechanisms, suggesting that two conditions have close relationships. METHODS This is a prospective community-based observational cohort study including 235,818 subjects based upon a voluntary annual health check-up program in Japan. We studied the(More)
Edaravone, a potent antioxidant, is currently being used in the management of acute ischemic stroke in relatively high-aged populations. Mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways have been shown to play important roles in neuronal cell death. We examined the role of MAPK pathways and the effect of treatment with edaravone in the brain after cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND The mortality and morbidity rates of various cardiovascular diseases differ between Western countries and Japan. The age- and gender-specific prevalence rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the general population of Japan was determined using the data from periodic health examinations in 2003. METHODS Data of 630,138 subjects aged 40 years or(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of patients with saddleback or noncoved type (non-type 1) ST-elevation in Brugada syndrome is unknown. The purpose of this study was to clarify the long-term prognosis of probands with non-type 1 ECG and those with coved (type 1) Brugada-pattern ECG. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 330 (123 symptomatic, 207 asymptomatic) probands(More)