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Insulin resistance is associated with the circulating free fatty acid (FFA) level and intracellular lipid content in muscle and liver. We investigated the effect of 2-wk diet and exercise therapy on total adiposity, circulating FFA, intracellular lipid content in muscle and liver, and peripheral insulin sensitivity. Type 2 diabetic patients were divided(More)
Aflatoxins were determined in 3054 samples of foods or foodstuffs, including cereals, nuts, beans, spices, dairy products, dry fruits, and edible oil. Samples were collected in Tokyo from 1986 to 1990. Aflatoxins were found in rice products, adlay, corn, crude sugar, peanut products, pistachio nuts, brazil nuts, sesame products, butter beans, white pepper,(More)
The CALICE collaboration is studying the design of high performance electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters for future International Linear Collider detectors. For the electromagnetic calorimeter, the current baseline choice is a high granularity sampling calorimeter with tungsten as absorber and silicon detectors as sensitive material. A " physics(More)
Various N-sulfonylamino acid derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro and in vivo activities to inhibit type IV collagenase (MMP-9 and MMP-2). When the amino acid residue and the sulfonamide moiety were modified, their inhibitory activities were greatly affected by the structure of the sulfonamide moiety. A series of aryl sulfonamide(More)
To examine a direct involvement of genotoxic effects of estrogens in the initiation of hormonal carcinogenesis, the abilities of 17beta-estradiol (E2) and 8 of its metabolites to induce cellular transformation and genetic effects were studied using the Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cell model. Treatment with E2, estrone (E1), 2-hydroxyestrone (2-OHE1),(More)
In an attempt to identify transcription factors which activate sterol-regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) transcription, we screened an expression cDNA library from adipose tissue of SREBP-1 knockout mice using a reporter gene containing the 2.6-kb mouse SREBP-1 gene promoter. We cloned and identified the oxysterol receptors liver X receptor(More)
The mutual phylogenetic relationships of dermatophytes of the genera Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton were demonstrated by using internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) region ribosomal DNA sequences. Trichophyton spp. and Microsporum spp. form a cluster in the phylogenetic tree with Epidermophyton floccosum as an outgroup, and within this(More)
To elucidate the physiological role of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1), the hepatic mRNA levels of genes encoding various lipogenic enzymes were estimated in SREBP-1 gene knockout mice after a fasting-refeeding treatment, which is an established dietary manipulation for the induction of lipogenic enzymes. In the fasted state, the mRNA(More)
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are negative regulators of hepatic lipogenesis that exert their effects primarily at the level of transcription. Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) are transcription factors responsible for the regulation of cholesterol, fatty acid, and triglyceride synthesis. In particular, SREBP-1 is known to(More)