Yoshifumi Takahashi

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The detection of interaural time differences (ITDs) for sound localization critically depends on the similarity between the left and right ear signals (interaural correlation). We show that, like humans, owls can localize phantom sound sources well until the correlation declines to a very low value, below which their performance rapidly deteriorates.(More)
To clarify the mutagenic potential of surface soil in the Kinki region of Japan, particularly in Osaka and neighboring cities, 62 surface soil samples were collected and their organic extracts were examined by the Ames/Salmonella assay. All of the samples were mutagenic toward TA98 in both the presence and absence of a mammalian metabolic activation system(More)
To clarify their mutagenic potential, samples of water from the Mawatari, Asuwa and Kitsune rivers, which flow through the central area of Fukui, Japan, were seasonally collected at six sites using blue rayon from July 1998 to August 2000. Forty-five of 52 (87%) of the water samples exhibited mutagenicity toward Salmonella typhimurium YG1024 and YG1029 with(More)
We recently detected five 2-phenylbenzotriazole (PBTA)-type mutagens (PBTA-1, PBTA-2, PBTA-3, PBTA-4 and PBTA-6) in concentrates from several rivers that flow in geographically different areas in Japan containing textile-related industries. On the basis of synthesis studies, these five PBTA derivatives were deduced to have originated from the corresponding(More)
The interaural time difference (ITD) is a major cue to sound localization along the horizontal plane. The maximum natural ITD occurs when a sound source is positioned opposite to one ear. We examined the ability of owls and humans to detect large ITDs in sounds presented through headphones. Stimuli consisted of either broad or narrow bands of Gaussian(More)
Differences in arrival time and intensity (or level) of sound between the ears serve as cues for localization of sound in many animals. Barn owls use interaural time difference (ITD) and interaural level difference (ILD) for localization in azimuth and elevation, respectively. The owl's brain processes these two cues in separate pathways. The nucleus(More)
High participation rates by the public in authority projects are key in increasing resident recycling levels. Understanding waste separation behavior is crucial to achieving sustainable waste management within such household-based schemes. To identify the driving forces behind the seldom-discussed kitchen garbage separation behavior, five psychological(More)
Leptospirosis is a serious and potentially fatal zoonotic disease, but often neglected owing to lack of awareness. This study examined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning leptospirosis among agricultural (n = 152) and non-agricultural (n = 115) workers in the lakeshore communities of Calamba and Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. The findings(More)
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