Yoshifumi Mizobuchi

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The progression of glioma to more malignant phenotypes results from the stepwise accumulation of genetic alterations and the consequent disruption of the apoptotic pathway and augmentation of survival signaling. REIC/Dkk-3, a member of the human Dickkopf (Dkk) family, plays a role as a suppressor of the growth of several human cancers; however, to date it(More)
Akt, one of the major downstream effectors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, is hyper-expressed and activated in a variety of cancers including glioblastoma. However, the expression profiles of the Akt isoforms Akt1/PKBalpha, Akt2/PKBbeta, and Akt3/PKBgamma and their functional roles in malignant glioma are not well understood. Therefore, we examined the(More)
Astroblastomas are rare glial tumors. We report a case of 33-year-old woman with high-grade astroblastoma with hypervascularity. She had a one-month history of right visual disturbance and papillar edema. MRI revealed a lobulated mass with cysts and flow voids in the right superficial frontal lobe, a phenomenon described as "bubbly appearance". Right(More)
Interferon-beta (IFN-β) is reported to augment anti-tumor effects by temozolomide in glioblastoma via down-regulation of MGMT. Promyelocytic leukemia (PML), a gene induced by IFN-β, is a tumor suppressor. Here, we report for the first time that in combination therapy, an IFN-β-induced increase in endogenous PML contributes to anti-tumor effects in p53 wild-(More)
This study sought to determine the diagnostic utility of perfusion parameters derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) perfusion MRI with a short acquisition time (approximately 3.5 min) in patients with glioma, brain metastasis, and primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL). Twenty-six patients with 29 lesions (4 low-grade glioma, 13 high-grade glioma, 7(More)
Primary Meige syndrome is an idiopathic movement disorder that manifests as craniofacial and often cervical dystonias. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) has emerged as a powerful surgical option in the treatment of primary generalized or segmental dystonia. However, the experience with GPi-DBS in Meige syndrome is limited.(More)
Since 1998, we have introduced a mixed epithermal- and thermal neutron beam for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) to improve the neutron beam distribution. Sixteen patients with malignant glioma (glioblastoma, n = 14; anaplastic ependymoma, n = 1; PNET, n = 1) were treated by BNCT in Japan. Of these, 9 died; 3 due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the correlation between the radiation dose and histopathological findings in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treated with boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). Histopathological studies were performed on specimens from 8 patients, 3 had undergone salvage surgery and 5 were autopsied. For histopathological(More)
PURPOSE In the imaging of intra-axial brain tumors, we sometimes found areas of high signal intensity around the enhanced tumor lesions on arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. We undertook this study to investigate the relationship between high signal intensity on ASL imaging outside the area of contrast enhancement (CE) and(More)
It is very difficult to treat the patients with malignant brain tumor in children, especially under 3 years, because the conventional irradiation cannot be applied due to the damage of normal brain tissue. However, boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) has tumor selectivity such that it can make damage only in tumor cells. We evaluated the clinical results(More)