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Akt, one of the major downstream effectors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, is hyper-expressed and activated in a variety of cancers including glioblastoma. However, the expression profiles of the Akt isoforms Akt1/PKBalpha, Akt2/PKBbeta, and Akt3/PKBgamma and their functional roles in malignant glioma are not well understood. Therefore, we examined the(More)
Astroblastomas are rare glial tumors. We report a case of 33-year-old woman with high-grade astroblastoma with hypervascularity. She had a one-month history of right visual disturbance and papillar edema. MRI revealed a lobulated mass with cysts and flow voids in the right superficial frontal lobe, a phenomenon described as "bubbly appearance". Right(More)
Primary Meige syndrome is an idiopathic movement disorder that manifests as craniofacial and often cervical dystonias. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) has emerged as a powerful surgical option in the treatment of primary generalized or segmental dystonia. However, the experience with GPi-DBS in Meige syndrome is limited.(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the radiation dose between long-survivors and non-long-survivors in patients with glioblatoma (GBM) treated with boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). Among 23 GBM patients treated with BNCT, there were five patients who survived more than three years after diagnosis. The physical and weighted dose of the minimum(More)
This study sought to determine the diagnostic utility of perfusion parameters derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) perfusion MRI with a short acquisition time (approximately 3.5 min) in patients with glioma, brain metastasis, and primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL). Twenty-six patients with 29 lesions (4 low-grade glioma, 13 high-grade glioma, 7(More)
Interferon-beta (IFN-β) is reported to augment anti-tumor effects by temozolomide in glioblastoma via down-regulation of MGMT. Promyelocytic leukemia (PML), a gene induced by IFN-β, is a tumor suppressor. Here, we report for the first time that in combination therapy, an IFN-β-induced increase in endogenous PML contributes to anti-tumor effects in p53 wild-(More)
The effect of the third member of the Dickkopf family (DKK3) in the Wnt pathway in glioblastoma remains unclear. We first demonstrated the non-specific interaction of Wnt3a and Wnt5a with the receptors LRP6 and ROR2 and the up-regulation of the Wnt pathway in glioblastoma cells. We used an adenovirus vector and found that an increase in DKK3 protein(More)
Since 1998, we have introduced a mixed epithermal- and thermal neutron beam for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) to improve the neutron beam distribution. Sixteen patients with malignant glioma (glioblastoma, n = 14; anaplastic ependymoma, n = 1; PNET, n = 1) were treated by BNCT in Japan. Of these, 9 died; 3 due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)(More)
PURPOSE In the imaging of intra-axial brain tumors, we sometimes found areas of high signal intensity around the enhanced tumor lesions on arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. We undertook this study to investigate the relationship between high signal intensity on ASL imaging outside the area of contrast enhancement (CE) and(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the correlation between the radiation dose and histopathological findings in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treated with boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). Histopathological studies were performed on specimens from 8 patients, 3 had undergone salvage surgery and 5 were autopsied. For histopathological(More)