Yoshifumi Kotake

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OBJECTIVE Since beta-blocker therapy is known to be effective in patients with an injured heart, such as infarction, we designed the present study to examine the protective effects of infusion of the beta1-selective blocker esmolol on myocardial function in peritonitis-induced septic rats using an isolated working heart preparation. DESIGN Randomized(More)
This article reports an unusual case of repeated intraoperative myocardial ischemia and ventricular arrhythmia during neurosurgical anesthesia. The presentation was clinically diagnosed as coronary spasm after successful resuscitation. Intraoperative prostaglandin E1 and β-adrenergic blockade, as well as vagal stimulation due to surgical manipulation, may(More)
Laparoscopic surgery causes a reduction in hepatic blood flow due to a number of factors, including raised intra-abdominal pressure, the neurohumoral response to surgical stress and the effect of patient position. The clinical significance of the phenomenon is not fully understood. Plasma concentrations of alcohol dehydrogenase (AD) and glutathione(More)
Ventilation with a small tidal volume (V(t)) is associated with better clinical outcomes than with a large V(t), particularly in critical settings, including acute lung injury. To determine whether V(t) influences the lipopolysaccaharide (LPS) recognition pathway, we studied CD14 expression in rabbit lungs and the release of TNF-alpha by cultured alveolar(More)
BACKGROUND In Japan, routine clinical care does not normally involve the use of a monitoring device to guide the administration of neuromuscular blocking drugs or their antagonists. Although most previous reports demonstrate that sugammadex offers more rapid and reliable antagonism from rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade, this advantage has not been(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess perioperative platelet function with 2 types of monitors (a whole-blood aggregometer [WBA analyzer; Mebanix, Tokyo, Japan]) and the Sonoclot monitor [Sienco, Wheat Ridge, CO]) in patients undergoing hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING Single-center(More)
BACKGROUND Although precise mechanisms remain to be determined, recent studies show that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), providing endogenous carbon monoxide (CO) and bilirubin, serves as an antiinflammatory enzyme. This study aimed to clarify roles of CO in regulation of microvascular adhesion of platelets and leukocytes in endotoxemia. METHODS Rats pretreated(More)
BACKGROUND Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), induced by a variety of stressors, provides endogenous carbon monoxide (CO) and bilirubin, both of which play consequential roles in organs. The current study aimed to examine whether induction of HO-1 and its by-products modulated endothelial interaction with circulating leukocytes and platelets evoked by sevoflurane(More)
Neutrophils play an important role in ischemia-reperfusion injury. The neutrophil elastase not only causes tissue damage, but also mediates neutrophil priming. In the present study, we use a rabbit model of hepatoenteric ischemia-reperfusion to test the hypothesis that neutrophil elastase inhibition ameliorates an ischemia-reperfusion injury by attenuating(More)
Critically ill patients are commonly associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and are at a greater risk of developing acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Under these conditions, large amounts of various cytokines are produced, which either directly or indirectly induce tissue injury and finally organ(More)