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The gold standard for identification of Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) remains the HEp-2 cell adherence test, which is time-consuming and requires specialized facilities. We evaluated the usefulness of a quantitative biofilm assay to screen for EAEC from a total of 1,042 E. coli strains from children with diarrhea. Bacteria were incubated(More)
The prevalence of Brugada's electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern in 7,022 male adolescents in the seventh grade was determined, and the same subjects were reexamined 3 years later, while in tenth grade. Two subjects (0.03%) and 7 subjects (0.10%) showed Brugada's ECG pattern by the conventional criterion (J point or ST-segment >/=0.1 mV in leads V(1) to(More)
BACKGROUND Early markers for predicting the severity of neutropenic fever (NF) in patients with hemato-oncological patients have not yet been established. Reactive oxygen species are known to play an important role in the antimicrobial function of neutrophils. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of derivatives of reactive oxygen(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is an increasingly important cause of diarrhea in both developing and industrialized countries, and is characterized by strong biofilm formation on the intestinal mucosa. Sequencing of the virulent plasmid pAA2 of the prototype EAEC 042 revealed a cluster of three open reading frames (ORFs; shf, capU, and virK) ca.(More)
Two consecutive treatment protocols, NHL-89 and NHL-96, for pediatric diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLC) and lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) were conducted between March 1989 and December 2004 by Kyushu-Yamaguchi Children's Cancer Study Group. Forty-two patients (DLC: 15, LBL: 27) and 34 patients (DLC: 8, LBL: 26) were enrolled in NHL-89 and NHL-96,(More)
We performed allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) with an extended period of post-transplant intrathecal (IT) chemotherapy for five patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who had relapsed in the central nervous system either in the very early phase or more than twice. Post-transplant IT was scheduled for a total of 12(More)
Diarrhea remains one of the main sources of morbidity and mortality in the world, and a large proportion is caused by diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. In Mongolia, the epidemiology of diarrheagenic E. coli has not been well studied. A total of 238 E. coli strains from children with sporadic diarrhea and 278 E. coli strains from healthy children were examined(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to assess the usefulness of a screening system for cardiovascular disease in Kagoshima, Japan, and to compare its cost-effectiveness with that of a similar system reported in the United States. BACKGROUND Preparticipation screening of young athletes has been implemented in many countries to prevent sudden death, but(More)
BACKGROUND It would be beneficial to be able to predict the cord blood (CB) cell yield from volunteer donors before cell processing. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The maternal and neonatal factors that influence the total nucleated cell (TNC), CD34+ cell, and CFU-GM yields in CB collected for the Chugoku-Shikoku Cord Blood Bank were evaluated. RESULTS In a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of and sex differences related to the metabolic syndrome among obese and overweight elementary school children. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Subjects were 471 overweight or obese Japanese children. Children meeting at least three of the following five criteria qualified as having the metabolic syndrome: abdominal(More)