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In order to clarify whether or not marked changes in the social environment during the past 50 years in Japan may have altered the clinical phenotypes of multiple sclerosis (MS), we retrospectively analyzed 143 consecutive patients with clinically definite MS who developed the disease between 1950 and 1997. Fifty-two patients were classified as Asian type(More)
The polymorphism of HLA-DRB1, -DRB3, and -DRB5 genes as well as magnetic resonance images of the brain and spinal cord were studied in 57 Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Twenty-three patients clinically displayed selective involvement of the optic nerve and spinal cord and were classified as having Asian-type MS. The other 34 patients had(More)
The efficacy of long-term, high dose interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) therapy was studied in seven patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM)/tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP). IFN-alpha was administered at a dose of 6 x 10(6) international units daily for the initial 2 weeks and thereafter 3 times a week for the following 22 weeks. Five patients showed(More)
To clarify the Th1/Th2 balance in spinal cord inflammation, we used ELISA to measure the total and allergen-specific IgE in 69 patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS), including 24 patients with the optico-spinal form of MS, 45 with HAM/TSP, 30 HTLV-I carriers without HAM/TSP, 40 patients with acute myelitis, 43 with neurodegenerative(More)
BACKGROUND We reported the emergence of a distinct myelitis in patients with atopic diathesis (atopic myelitis [AM]) by a nationwide survey throughout Japan. Similar cases have recently been reported in Caucasians. Pathologic studies of biopsied spinal cord specimens revealed chronic active inflammation with eosinophilic infiltration. OBJECTIVE To clarify(More)
OBJECTIVE Using neuroimaging, we analyzed the nature of extensive brain lesions in five anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody-positive patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders. RESULTS Extensive brain lesions involved white matter in three, and basal ganglia and corpus callosum in one each. Four patients showed high diffusivity on apparent(More)
Polysialic acid (PSA) is a carbohydrate composed of a linear homopolymer of alpha-2-8-linked sialic acid residues and is mainly attached to the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). Because of the large negative charge of PSA, presence of PSA attenuates the adhesive property of NCAM and increases the cellular motility. PSA expression on NCAM is(More)
Polysialic acid (PSA) is a carbohydrate attached mainly to the neural cell adhesion molecule. Because PSA is composed of a linear homopolymer of alpha-2-8-linked sialic acid residues and has a large negative charge, the presence of PSA attenuates the adhesive property of neural cell adhesion molecule and increases cellular motility. In an earlier study, we(More)
To unearth glioma-specific genes in human glioblastoma, the serial analysis of gene expression technique was applied to a primary glioblastoma, using cultured human astrocytes as a normal control. Among the top 147 most-expressed tags in glioblastoma, we found a tag, TTTTGGGTAT, that originated from an unidentified gene and which was not detected in human(More)
We herein describe 4 adult patients with upper cervical myelitis presenting with paresthesia in the distal parts of all four limbs and who also all had hyperIgEemia. Two of them had full-blown atopic dermatitis at the time of neurologic illness, while the others had a preceding history of atopic dermatitis. All showed high signal intensity lesions at either(More)