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OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to assess the usefulness of a screening system for cardiovascular disease in Kagoshima, Japan, and to compare its cost-effectiveness with that of a similar system reported in the United States. BACKGROUND Preparticipation screening of young athletes has been implemented in many countries to prevent sudden death, but(More)
BACKGROUND Myocarditis frequently occurs in the acute phase of Kawasaki syndrome (KS), and a few severe cases have been reported. Four cases of myocarditis in KS required additional catecholamine treatment because of severe left ventricular dysfunction (LVD). CASE REPORTS Three cases were relatively older children and 2 cases were complicated with(More)
A 2-year-old Japanese girl had transient left ventricular apical ballooning on echocardiography and ST-segment elevation and T-wave inversion on electrocardiogram after withdrawal of bupirenorphine and midazolam. The findings improved within 2 weeks. There are many case reports of adults with takotsubo cardiomyopathy but none in children. Takotsubo(More)
The gold standard for identification of Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) remains the HEp-2 cell adherence test, which is time-consuming and requires specialized facilities. We evaluated the usefulness of a quantitative biofilm assay to screen for EAEC from a total of 1,042 E. coli strains from children with diarrhea. Bacteria were incubated(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is an increasingly important cause of diarrhea in both developing and industrialized countries, and is characterized by strong biofilm formation on the intestinal mucosa. Sequencing of the virulent plasmid pAA2 of the prototype EAEC 042 revealed a cluster of three open reading frames (ORFs; shf, capU, and virK) ca.(More)
The prevalence of Brugada's electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern in 7,022 male adolescents in the seventh grade was determined, and the same subjects were reexamined 3 years later, while in tenth grade. Two subjects (0.03%) and 7 subjects (0.10%) showed Brugada's ECG pattern by the conventional criterion (J point or ST-segment >/=0.1 mV in leads V(1) to(More)
BACKGROUND Early markers for predicting the severity of neutropenic fever (NF) in patients with hemato-oncological patients have not yet been established. Reactive oxygen species are known to play an important role in the antimicrobial function of neutrophils. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of derivatives of reactive oxygen(More)
Diarrhea remains one of the main sources of morbidity and mortality in the world, and a large proportion is caused by diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. In Mongolia, the epidemiology of diarrheagenic E. coli has not been well studied. A total of 238 E. coli strains from children with sporadic diarrhea and 278 E. coli strains from healthy children were examined(More)
Two consecutive treatment protocols, NHL-89 and NHL-96, for pediatric diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLC) and lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) were conducted between March 1989 and December 2004 by Kyushu-Yamaguchi Children's Cancer Study Group. Forty-two patients (DLC: 15, LBL: 27) and 34 patients (DLC: 8, LBL: 26) were enrolled in NHL-89 and NHL-96,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the normal range of antiagalactosyl IgG antibodies in healthy children, and to investigate the utility of determination of antiagalactosyl IgG antibodies in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile onset Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS Serum concentrations of antiagalactosyl IgG antibodies were measured in 225(More)