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Human keratinocyte strains derived from the bulge region of plucked human follicles were successfully established from all 43 donors (age 24-76) regardless of the age and gender. The total cell number, number of population doublings and population doubling time were similar among the strains. These bulge-derived keratinocytes, BDKs, expressed keratin family(More)
In the present study, we analyzed genomic alterations of BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) in 23 malignant mesotheliomas (MMs), 16 epithelioid and seven non-epithelioid, consisting of 18 clinical specimens and five established cell lines. In examining these samples for homozygous deletions and sequence-level mutations, we found biallelic BAP1 gene(More)
We used a custom-made comparative genomic hybridization array (aCGH; average probe interval 254 bp) to screen 33 malignant mesothelioma (MM) biopsies for somatic copy number loss throughout the 3p21 region (10.7 Mb) that harbors 251 genes, including BRCA1 (breast cancer 1)-associated protein 1 (BAP1), the most commonly mutated gene in MM. We identified(More)
We detected low levels of acetylation for histone H3 tail lysines in malignant mesothelioma (MM) cell lines resistant to histone deacetylase inhibitors. To identify the possible genetic causes related to the low histone acetylation levels, whole-exome sequencing was conducted with MM cell lines established from eight patients. A mono-allelic variant of BRD1(More)
In the epidermis, keratinocytes are involved in physical and first-line immune protection of the host. In this study, we analyzed the molecular responses to certain contact sensitizers (2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene and NiSO(4)) and irritants (sodium dodecyl sulfate and benzalkonium chloride) in cultured human keratinocytes from the bulge region of a plucked(More)
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization analysis was performed on 21 malignant mesothelioma (MM) samples (16 primary cell cultures and 5 cell lines) and two reactive mesothelial hyperplasia (RM) primary cell cultures. The RM samples did not have any genomic losses or gains. In MM samples, deletions in 1p, 3p21, 4q, 9p21, 16p13 and 22q were detected(More)
We cultured human hair follicle-derived keratinocytes (FDKs) from plucked hairs. To gain insight into gene expression signatures that can distinguish atopic dermatitis from non-atopic controls without skin biopsies, we undertook a comparative study of gene expression in FDKs from adult donors with atopic dermatitis and non-atopic donors. FDK primary(More)
Basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS or Gorlin syndrome, OMIM: 109400) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with high penetrance. It is characterized by developmental anomalies and predisposition to tumors (for example, basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and medulloblastoma). PTCH1, the human homolog of the Drosophila patched gene, was identified as a gene responsible(More)
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an asbestos-related malignancy arising from surface serosal cells of pleural and peritoneal cavities. Somatic mutations of BRCA1 associated protein-1 (BAP1) gene were recently found in MM as well as in uveal melanoma and kidney cancer among the Caucasian and Japanese people. However, frequency of mutations varies among the(More)
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a refractory tumor with increasing incidence. In the present study, we established six mesothelioma cell lines possessing two allele deletions of the p16(INK4A) gene and one allele deletion of the neurofibromatosis type 2 gene, MM16, MM21, MM26, MM35, MM46 and MM56, from pleural effusion fluids or surgically resected tumors(More)