Yoshie Shimauchi

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We have characterized the expression pattern of a class I fork head/HNF-3 gene (HrHNF3-1) of the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi. Zygotic HrHNF3-1 expression was detectable as early as the 16-cell stage, and the transcript was evident in blastomeres of the endoderm, notochord and mesenchyme lineages of the early embryos. After the late gastrula stage, HrHNF3-1(More)
In vertebrate embryos, the class I subtype forkhead domain gene HNF-3 is essential for the formation of the endoderm, notochord and overlying ventral neural tube. In ascidian embryos, Brachyury is involved in the formation of the notochord. Although the results of previous studies imply a role of HNF-3 in notochord differentiation in ascidian embryos, no(More)
Differentiation of notochord cells and mesenchyme cells of the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi requires interactions with neighboring endodermal cells and previous experiments suggest that these interactions require fibroblast growth factor (FGF). In the present study, we examined the role of FGF in these interactions by disrupting signaling using the dominant(More)
The vertebrate Brachyury (T) gene is transiently expressed in nascent and migrating mesoderm, in the differentiating notochord, and in the tail bud, reflecting its independent functions. In contrast, the expression of an ascidian Brachyury gene (As-T) is restricted to differentiating notochord. The present study revealed that the genome of Halocynthia(More)
Tissue interactions play an essential role in organogenesis during embryonic development. However, virtually no attempts have been made to study the role of tissue interaction in pineal development. In the present study we examined the inductive role of the epidermis and mesenchyme in the morphogenesis of quail pineal glands. The pineal rudiment is first(More)
Patterning of complicated animal body plans requires interactions between constituting cells, and signaling cascades play important roles in the interactions. Examples of some well-characterized signaling cascades include the Wnt family (Moon et al., 1997; Dierick and Bejsovec, 1999), the TGFβ family (Piek et al., 1999), the FGF family (Nugent and Iozzo,(More)
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