Yoshie Kitao

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The effects of rolipram, a selective cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, on locomotor activity, rearing, and stereotyped behavior (sniffing, repetitive head movements) induced by methamphetamine (MAP) over 1 hour were investigated in rats. Coadministration of rolipram (4 mg/kg IP) significantly attenuated the responses of locomotor activity, rearing and(More)
Since striatal dopamine D2 receptor supersensitivity in the etiology of tardive dyskinesia has been suggested and dopamine D2 receptors are known to inhibit adenylate cyclase activity resulting in a decrease of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) levels, we hypothesized that an increase in cAMP levels ameliorates the condition. In the present study,(More)
The association analysis between the disease and genetic alleles is one of the simple methods for localizing the susceptibility locus in the genes. For revealing the association, several statistical tests have been proposed without discussing explicitly the alternative hypotheses. We therefore specify two types of alternative hypotheses (i.e., there is only(More)
As an initial step for genome-wide association studies, we sought an association between schizophrenia and 34 microsatellite markers on chromosomes 19, 20, 21 and 22 by a case-control design. The samples examined for an association were 168 schizophrenic patients and 146 control subjects in the Japanese population. The allele distribution of the 34 loci(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been suggested that cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) is involved in dopamine metabolism within the brain. The dopamine system is suggested to play a role in determining normal character. The purpose of this study was to examine whether character traits are dependent on cytochrome P450 2D6 activity. METHODS We investigated the association(More)
To investigate the possible role of the dopamine transporter (DAT) gene in determining the phenotype in human subjects, allele frequencies for the 40-bp variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism at this site were compared between 117 Japanese normal controls and 118 schizophrenic patients, including six subgroups: early-onset, those with a(More)
To investigate the possible effect of polymorphism at the BalI site of the dopamine D3 receptor gene (DRD3) on the phenotype in human subjects, allele and genotype frequencies for this polymorphic site were examined in 113 schizophrenic patients, including six subgroups, and 48 normal controls. The schizophrenic subgroups included patients with early onset,(More)
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