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The root elongation activity of unsaturated oligomeric uronates from alginate on carrot and rice plants was investigated. Unsaturated oligomeric uronates were prepared by digesting polymannuronate (PM) and polyguluronate (PG) with an alginate lyase purified from Pseudoalteromonas sp. strain No. 272. The root elongation activity was measured by elongation in(More)
Cell suspension cultures were established from Glehnia littoralis plants belonging to two different geographic strains. When the cells were treated with yeast extract, they started to produce and excrete furanocoumarins into the culture medium; a major component, bergapten, and a minor one, xanthotoxin, were detected and identified by HPLC and GC/MS.(More)
Hyoscyamus albus hairy roots with/without an exogenous gene (11 clones) were established by inoculation of Agrobacterium rhizogenes. All clones cultured under iron-deficient condition secreted riboflavin from the root tips into the culture medium and the productivity depended on the number and size of root tips among the clones. A decline of pH was observed(More)
As part of a study to explore the potential for new or modified bio-product formation, Beta vulgaris (sugar beet) has been genetically modified to express in root-organ culture a bacterial gene of phenylpropanoid catabolism. The HCHL gene, encoding p-hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA hydratase/lyase, was introduced into B. vulgaris under the control of a CaMV 35S(More)
A simple and efficient method for identification of Duboisia leichhardtii F. Muell, D. myoporoides R. BR. and their interspecific hybrid was established by analyzing restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) profiles using non-radioactive rice ribosomal DNA as a probe. This procedure was shown to be applicable to both fresh and dried samples, and also(More)
We investigated whether exogenously supplied precursors of bergapten, namely umbelliferone, psoralen and bergaptol, could be utilized to produce bergapten without elicitation in Glehnia littoralis cell suspension cultures. The levels of added psoralen and bergaptol in the medium soon decreased, and this was followed by the detection of bergapten in both(More)
Exogenously supplied ascorbic acid (AsA) strongly induced furanocoumarin production in leaf and root cultures of GLEHNIA LITTORALIS, but not in cell suspension cultures, after 24 h of treatment. The dose dependency showed that both organ tissues responded well to AsA supplied at concentrations of 10 - 40 mM. For induction of furanocoumarin production, roots(More)
Hyoscyamus albus hairy roots secrete riboflavin under Fe-deficient conditions. To determine whether this secretion was linked to an enhancement of respiration, both riboflavin secretion and the reduction of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC), as a measure of respiration activity, were determined in hairy roots cultured under Fe-deficient and(More)
Hyoscyamus albus is a well-known source of the tropane alkaloids, hyoscyamine and scopolamine, which are biosynthesized in the roots. To assess the major biochemical adaptations that occur in the roots of this plant in response to iron deficiency, we used a small-scale proteomic approach in which 100 mg of root tips were treated with and without Fe,(More)
The responses of anthocyanin-producing (violet) and non-producing (white) cells of Glehnia littoralis to radical generators were compared. Cell growth, anthocyanin content, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity and furanocoumarin production were determined after treatment with H(2)O(2), 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), X-ray and(More)