Yoshie Kitamura

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The root elongation activity of unsaturated oligomeric uronates from alginate on carrot and rice plants was investigated. Unsaturated oligomeric uronates were prepared by digesting polymannuronate (PM) and polyguluronate (PG) with an alginate lyase purified from Pseudoalteromonas sp. strain No. 272. The root elongation activity was measured by elongation in(More)
The responses of anthocyanin-producing (violet) and non-producing (white) cells of Glehnia littoralis to radical generators were compared. Cell growth, anthocyanin content, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity and furanocoumarin production were determined after treatment with H(2)O(2), 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), X-ray and(More)
We investigated five penicillin derivatives that are popularly used for transformation experiments with Agrobacterium rhizogenes—penicillin G, carbenicillin, ampicillin, amoxicillin and cephalexin—for their effects on the growth and morphology of Beta vulgaris, Capsicum annuum and Glehnia littoralis roots. Attention was given to the relationship between(More)
Hyoscyamus albus hairy roots secrete riboflavin under Fe-deficient conditions. To determine whether this secretion was linked to an enhancement of respiration, both riboflavin secretion and the reduction of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC), as a measure of respiration activity, were determined in hairy roots cultured under Fe-deficient and(More)
The effects of yeast extract on the accumulation of transcripts of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, EC and chalcone synthase (CHS, EC, PAL and CHS enzyme activity and furanocoumarin and anthocyanin metabolites over a 48 h period were studied in anthocyanin-producing (Violet) and non-producing (White) cell suspension cultures of Glehnia(More)
Hyoscyamus albus hairy roots with/without an exogenous gene (11 clones) were established by inoculation of Agrobacterium rhizogenes. All clones cultured under iron-deficient condition secreted riboflavin from the root tips into the culture medium and the productivity depended on the number and size of root tips among the clones. A decline of pH was observed(More)
Riboflavin secretion by Hyoscyamus albus hairy roots under Fe deficiency was examined to determine where riboflavin is produced and whether production occurs via an enhancement of riboflavin biosynthesis or a stimulation of flavin mononucleotide (FMN) hydrolysis. Confocal fluorescent microscopy showed that riboflavin was mainly localized in the epidermis(More)
We investigated whether exogenously supplied precursors of bergapten, namely umbelliferone, psoralen and bergaptol, could be utilized to produce bergapten without elicitation in Glehnia littoralis cell suspension cultures. The levels of added psoralen and bergaptol in the medium soon decreased, and this was followed by the detection of bergapten in both(More)
Differentiated shoot and root cultures of Glehnia littoralis were examined for organ-specific responses to yeast extract (YE). Growth, and changes in phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, EC 4. 1. 3. 5) activity, as well as furanocoumarin and simple phenylpropanoid production were then determined. YE affected root growth positively but negatively affected the(More)
Exogenously supplied ascorbic acid (AsA) strongly induced furanocoumarin production in leaf and root cultures of GLEHNIA LITTORALIS, but not in cell suspension cultures, after 24 h of treatment. The dose dependency showed that both organ tissues responded well to AsA supplied at concentrations of 10 - 40 mM. For induction of furanocoumarin production, roots(More)