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Two hundred and seven extracts were prepared from sixty plants from South Africa and screened for in vitro activity against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania donovani, and Plasmodium falciparum. For the 21 extracts which inhibited the growth of one or more parasites with more than 95 % at 10 µg/mL, the IC50 values against all(More)
Antimalarial activity of 10 vegetal extracts (9 ethanolic extracts and 1 crude alkaloid extract), obtained from eight species traditionally used in Colombia to treat malaria symptoms, was evaluated in culture using Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistant (FcB2) strain and in vivo on rodent malaria Plasmodium berghei. The activity on ferriprotoporphyrin(More)
Three hundred extracts were prepared from plants traditionally used in South Africa to treat malaria and screened in vitro for activity against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania donovani, and Plasmodium falciparum. For the 43 extracts which inhibited the growth of one or more parasites to more than 95 % at 9.7 µg/mL, the IC₅₀(More)
In the course of a larger screen of 1800 plant and fungal extracts, the ethyl acetate extract of Saussurea costus roots potently inhibited the growth of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. Subsequent HPLC based activity profiling led to the identification of the sesquiterpene lactones arbusculin B (1), α-cyclocostunolide (2), costunolide (3), and(More)
In a screen of 1800 plant and fungal extracts for antiplasmodial, antitrypanosomal, and leishmanicidal activity, the n-hexane extract of Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium (Trevir.) Vis. flowers showed strong activity against Plasmodium falciparum. We isolated the five pyrethrins [i.e., pyrethrin II (1), jasmolin II (2), cinerin II (3), pyrethrin I (4), and(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease in sub Saharan Africa that is fatal if left untreated. In a search for new natural products with antitrypanosomal activity, we recently identified abruquinones B and I from Abrus precatorius as potent in vitro trypanocidal compounds with high selectivity indices. To obtain sufficient compound for(More)
Bicycloillicinone asarone acetal (1), a novel bicyclic prenylated C6-C3 compound, has been isolated from the woods of Illicium tashiroi and its structure has been elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and chemical degradation. Compound 1 was found to increase choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity in culture of P10 rat septal neurons.
A library of 206 extracts from selected South African plants was screened in vitro against a panel of protozoan parasites, Plasmodium falciparum, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, and Leishmania donovani. A CH2Cl2/MeOH (1 : 1) extract of Abrus precatorius L. ssp. africanus strongly inhibited P. falciparum (98 %), T. b. rhodesiense (100 %), and L. donovani (76(More)
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