Yoshie Fukunaga

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The effects of a mixture of three peptidase inhibitors (PIs), amastatin, captopril and phosphoramidon, on methionine-enkephalin (Met-enk)-, beta-endorphin (beta-end)-, dynorphin-(1-13) (Dyn)- and electroacupuncture (EA)-induced antinociception were compared in rats. EA was performed by passing electric pulses (3 Hz, 0.1-msec duration, for 45 min) through(More)
The effects of diltiazem, a Ca2+ channel blocker, on naloxone-precipitated and spontaneous morphine withdrawal were studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats. In naloxone-precipitated withdrawal, body weight loss and plasma corticosterone elevation were dose dependently inhibited by diltiazem injected 4 or 2 and 4 h before naloxone, respectively. Three(More)
We have previously reported the increase of preproenkephalin (PPE) mRNA in the caudal periaqueductal gray (PAG) of rats during morphine withdrawal. In this study, it was further evidenced that PPE mRNA in the caudal PAG was not increased by various kinds of stressor, suggesting that the increase in PPE mRNA in the caudal PAG is specific to morphine(More)
Elevation of plasma corticosterone (PCS) has been used as an indicator of morphine withdrawal, but it is not clear whether the magnitude of elevation is related to the intensity of the dependence. The dose-dependent effects of naloxone on PCS and body weight were studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats rendered physically dependent on morphine by injecting(More)
The effects of opioid (e.g., morphine) withdrawal on levels of endogenous opioid peptides and their mRNA in the various brain regions have been studied. However, the role of this opioidergic mechanism in the mediation of opioid withdrawal is not fully understood. Preproenkephalin (PPE) mRNA in the caudal periaqueductal gray (cPAG), an important brain region(More)
Effects of morphine withdrawal on the levels of preproenkephalin (PPE) mRNA in the area from lateral to ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (PAG) were studied in rats by quantitative in situ hybridization. PPE mRNA in the rostral PAG was decreased by naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal but not affected by spontaneous morphine withdrawal. PPE mRNA in the(More)
We examined the involvement of enkephalins in the caudal periaqueductal gray (cPAG) in morphine withdrawal in rats. Rats were treated with increasing doses of morphine (20-30 mg/kg/day, s.c., for 5 days) to develop morphine dependence. Morphine withdrawal was induced by naloxone (5 mg/kg, s.c.) 24 hr after the final morphine injection. The level of(More)
The present study examined whether the central neurons are involved in the stimulatory action of gastrin on the secretion of gastric acid. Gastrin (20 microg), which was examined and ascertained to induce a marked increase in gastric acid secretion in gastric-lumen perfused rats, was intravenously injected in Wistar rats under anesthesia with pentobarbital(More)
OBJECTIVE The causes of delay in receiving medical examinations (for a period of more than 2 months between the appearance of tuberculosis symptoms and the first examination at a medical institution) were investigated. METHOD Interviews of 127 smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients (study period: June-December, 2008). Subjects were divided into 2(More)
The severity of naloxone-precipitated withdrawal in rats infused intravenously with morphine at the rates of 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg/hr over various time periods was investigated. Plasma morphine concentration reached a constant and rate-dependent level at 1 hr after the start of morphine infusion, and this level was maintained until the termination of(More)