Yoshichika Yamashita

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Lymphotoxin alpha (LTA), one of the tumor necrosis factor family proteins, is an important proinflammatory cytokine and appears to play a putative role in the inflammatory process of atherosclerosis. Recent genetic studies have suggested that variations in the gene encoding LTA, which affect its expression and biological function, may(More)
Apathy is defined as lack of feeling, emotion, or concern. The objective of this study was to examine the frequency of apathy after a first-ever stroke and to prospectively study the impact of apathy on functional recovery. The patients enrolled in this study had the following characteristics: (i) they had experienced a first ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke;(More)
Hexokinase catalyzes the first step in cerebral glucose utilization and is a rate-limiting enzyme in glycolysis. Glucose utilization is tightly coupled to cerebral blood flow so that during ischemia the brain has a decreased supply of glucose, as well as oxygen. We studied hexokinase enzymatic activity in a newborn piglet model of ischemia-reperfusion to(More)
Indomethacin has been shown to reduce cerebral blood flow and cerebral blood flow velocities in newborn infants and animals of various species. To answer the question of whether there may be a compromise of cerebral perfusion in hypotensive infants who have been treated with indomethacin, cerebral blood flow and cerebral vascular resistance were determined(More)
Phenobarbital sodium (PhS) has been used in anticonvulsant concentrations in premature newborns in attempts to prevent peri- and intraventricular hemorrhages (PIVH). Its effectiveness in preventing PIVH in clinical situations is still uncertain; however, PhS has reduced PIVH after hypertension in newborn beagles, and it has lowered cerebral blood flow (CBF)(More)
The primary cause of neurologic impairment in newborn infants is hypoxic-ischemic injury. Studies of the mechanisms involved in the damaging effects of hypoxia-ischemia and reperfusion in brain tissue indicate significant contributions from reactive oxygen species, with the loss of homeostatic control of intracellular iron an important determinant of(More)
Ascending projections from the substantia innominata (SI) may have an important role in the regulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF). However, several reports have suggested that unilateral lesion of the SI does not affect CBF autoregulation. On the other hand, it is also reported that several cortical and subcortical functions may be regulated not only by(More)
We assessed cytochrome oxidase (CytOx) staining in sham-operated control piglets and in piglets subjected to 30 minutes of cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (H-I) plus 4 hours of reperfusion (REP). The 1-day-old piglets were sedated, anesthetized, and ventilated. Cerebral blood flows (CBFs) were quantitated using microspheres. H-I was induced by a combination of(More)
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