Yoshiaki Tomimori

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NC/Nga mice are known to develop skin lesions resembling to atopic dermatitis (AD) in conventional but not in specific-pathogen-free (SPF) condition. An epicutaneous application of 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) increased skin thickness in C3H as well as NC/Nga mice in SPF environment, and the response was enlarged by repeating the challenge at weekly(More)
Chymase is a chymotrypsin-like serine protease exclusively stored in secretory granules of mast cells and has been thought to participate in allergic diseases. It has already been shown that chymase inhibitor SUN13834 improves dermatitis in NC/Nga mice that spontaneously develop dermatitis resembling atopic dermatitis. In the present study, effect of(More)
The possible role of mast cell chymase in organ fibrosis was examined using a bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis model in mice. Intratracheal injection of bleomycin to mice significantly increased not only hydroxyproline content but also chymase activity in the lung. Administration of a chymase inhibitor SUN C8077 (7-chloro-3-(3-amynophenyl)(More)
A chymase inhibitor SUN13834 has been shown to improve skin condition in animal models for atopic dermatitis. In the present study, effective dosages of SUN13834 for atopic dermatitis patients were predicted by pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) analyses of SUN13834 in NC/Nga mice, which spontaneously develop atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions. For(More)
Human chymase induced release of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in human EoL-1 cells that had been differentiated into eosinophil-like cells with butyric acid. The chymase-induced IL-8 production was specific in that other cytokines/chemokines examined were not induced. Human chymase also increased mRNA for IL-8 in the differentiated EoL-1 cells, showing involvement(More)
The ability to convert angiotensin (Ang) I to Ang II was compared between human alpha-chymase and two mouse beta-chymases, mouse mast cell protease (mMCP)-1 and mMCP-4. Human chymase hydrolyzed Ang I to produce Ang II without further degradation. mMCP-1 similarly generated Ang II from Ang I in a time-dependent manner and the formation of the fragment other(More)
An epicutaneous application of 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) to a mouse ear caused a transient skin swelling, and the repetition of the challenge enlarged the contact dermatitis. The repeated challenge with DNFB also induced eosinophil infiltration on the application site. Administration of a chymase inhibitor significantly inhibited the ear swelling as(More)
Intradermal injection of human chymase (EC 3.4.21.39) into the mouse ear elicited an edematous skin reaction in a biphasic manner, with a transient reaction peaking at 1 hr, followed by a delayed response persisting for at least 24hr. The kinetics of this reaction was analogous to the biphasic skin reaction induced by ascaris extract in actively sensitized(More)
BACKGROUND Mast cell chymase is thought to participate in allergic inflammation, but its precise role remains undetermined. Inbred NC/Nga mice develop skin lesions similar to atopic dermatitis (AD) when they grow up in a conventional environment. To elucidate the possible role of chymase in AD, we examined the effect of a chymase inhibitor on skin lesions(More)