Yoshiaki Tokano

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OBJECTIVE To assess levels of soluble Fas (sFas) and soluble Fas ligand (sFas-L) in sera from patients with various rheumatic diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic sclerosis (SSc), polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM), mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), and Sjogren's syndrome (SS). METHODS Levels of sFas(More)
OBJECTIVES Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is a pattern-associated receptor functioning in innate immunity that may be involved in the recognition of self-antigens and the production of pathogenic auto-antibodies. Therefore, we examined the expression of TLR9 in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) to determine whether TLR9 is involved in the production of(More)
IL-12 is a cytokine that induces Th1-derived cytokines (interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and IL-2). The significance of IL-12 in human autoimmunity is no clear, and the serum levels of IL-12 in SLE are not clearly established. Therefore, we examined the levels of IL-12 in 39 patients with active SLE, with sandwich ELISA. The levels of IL-12 in patients were(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of the cytokine interleukin 15 (IL-15) in rheumatic disease is unclear. We examined serum levels of IL-15 in patients with various rheumatic diseases. METHODS Serum levels of IL-15 were determined by sandwich ELISA. RESULTS Serum levels of IL-15 were significantly increased in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis, polyarteritis(More)
In patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), frequency of the T cells positive for HLA-DP, one of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules, was markedly increased in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), in association with an increase in the amount of specific cytoplasmic transcript of the HLA-DP gene segment. Cell cycle analysis(More)
Foxp3(+) CD4(+) regulatory T (T(reg)) cells play a pivotal role in the maintenance of dominant self tolerance. Understanding how the failures of immune control by T(reg) cells are involved in autoimmune diseases is important for the development of effective immunotherapies. In the present study, we analyzed the characteristics of endogenous T(reg) cells in(More)
Tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) is a type I interferon (IFN) signaling pathway gene and was previously reported to be a risk factor for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Caucasian populations. In order to test for its genetic association with SLE in a Japanese population, TYK2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs2304256, rs12720270 and rs280519, were(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of HLA DRB1 alleles with beta 2 glycoprotein I (beta 2 GPI)-dependent anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) in Japanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS One hundred and forty-five Japanese patients with SLE were studied. beta 2 GPI-dependent aCL was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent evidence suggests the role of beta-chemokines and their receptors in human immunodeficiency virus infection. We examined the serum levels of beta-chemokines in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS The serum levels of beta-chemokines, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), MIP-1beta, RANTES, and monocyte(More)
To determine the association of HLA antigens with SLE and the clinical findings of the disease, HLA antigens were tested in 58 Japanese patients with SLE, who fulfilled the ARA diagnostic criteria, along with 97 normal controls. HLA class I and II antigens were typed serologically using the antisera provided by the 11th HLA Workshop. Among the HLA class II(More)