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We report here genome sequences and comparative analyses of three closely related parasitoid wasps: Nasonia vitripennis, N. giraulti, and N. longicornis. Parasitoids are important regulators of arthropod populations, including major agricultural pests and disease vectors, and Nasonia is an emerging genetic model, particularly for evolutionary and(More)
Neuropeptides are an important class of molecules involved in diverse aspects of metazoan development and homeostasis. Insects are ideal model systems to investigate neuropeptide functions, and the major focus of insect neuropeptide research in the last decade has been on the identification of their receptors. Despite these vigorous efforts, receptors for(More)
Cloning-based approach combining homology search in the Bombyx genome sequence and Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends (RACE) resulted in annotation of 23 neuropeptide genes and different splicing variants of three genes. In total 37 neuropeptide genes in addition to bombyxin gene family have been identified in Bombyx. Comparison of available insect(More)
Polarization of macrophages to M1 or M2 cells is important for mounting responses against bacterial and helminth infections, respectively. Jumonji domain containing-3 (Jmjd3), a histone 3 Lys27 (H3K27) demethylase, has been implicated in the activation of macrophages. Here we show that Jmjd3 is essential for M2 macrophage polarization in response to(More)
Neuropeptides and protein hormones are ancient molecules that mediate cell-to-cell communication. The whole genome sequence from the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum, along with those from other insect species, provides an opportunity to study the evolution of the genes encoding neuropeptide and protein hormones. We identified 41 of these genes in the(More)
Insect neurohormones (biogenic amines, neuropeptides, and protein hormones) and their G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play a central role in the control of behavior, reproduction, development, feeding and many other physiological processes. The recent completion of several insect genome projects has enabled us to obtain a complete inventory of(More)
Upon mating, females of many animal species undergo dramatic changes in their behavior. In Drosophila melanogaster, postmating behaviors are triggered by sex peptide (SP), which is produced in the male seminal fluid and transferred to female during copulation. SP modulates female behaviors via sex peptide receptor (SPR) located in a small subset of internal(More)
This paper proposes a bandwidth allocation system by using GVA (Generalized Vickrey Auction), which can be used for leasing lines, reselling lines, or allocating bandwidth to individual users. In the proposed system, network resources, which are composed of many links at various bandwidths, are regarded as multiple items with multiple units. It is described(More)
Biosynthesis of ecdysteroids, the insect steroid hormones controlling gene expression during molting and metamorphosis, takes place primarily in the prothoracic gland (PG). The activity of the PG is regulated by various neuropeptides. In the silkworm Bombyx mori, these neuropeptides utilize both hormonal and neuronal pathways to regulate the activity of the(More)
The transcription factor Foxp3 is essential for the development of regulatory T (Treg) cells, yet its expression is insufficient for establishing the Treg cell lineage. Here we showed that Treg cell development was achieved by the combination of two independent processes, i.e., the expression of Foxp3 and the establishment of Treg cell-specific CpG(More)