Yoshiaki Shimizu

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Liver failure associated with infections after hepatectomy remains a cause of mortality. It has recently been reported that toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is involved in recognizing lipopolysaccharides (LPS). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of TLR4 in endotoxin-induced liver injury after hepatectomy. METHODS C3H/HeN and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Ampullary carcinoma and distal cholangiocarcinoma are potentially more amenable to pancreaticoduodenectomy for long-term survival than pancreatic carcinoma. The aims of this study are to evaluate experience with ampullary carcinoma and distal cholangiocarcinoma at a single institution. METHODOLOGY Seventy-two consecutive patients with(More)
Bacteria were isolated from black lesions on shoots of European pear trees (Pyrus communis L.) in an orchard in Japan. Previous characterization of this novel pathogen by phenotypic and genotypic methods suggested that it should belong to the genus Erwinia but might not correspond to either Erwinia amylovora or Erwinia pyrifoliae. Here, phylogenetic(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The aim of this report was to assess the outcome of aggressive surgical treatment for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS From 1984 to 2001, we encountered 64 patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Of the 64 patients, 50 patients who underwent surgical resection with macroscopically curative objectives (78%) were reviewed(More)
Endotoxin has been identified as a principal mediator of sepsis, often with resulting multiple organ failure. Although interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) has a central role in controlling bacterial infection through the activation of macrophages and T lymphocytes, it can also enhance the harmful effects of the inflammatory response. To examine the role of(More)
BACKGROUND "Infectious tolerance" has been defined as the tolerance induced in a new recipient by the adoptive transfer of cells from a recipient accepting an allograft after anti-CD4 and anti-CD8 monoclonal antibody treatment. A clear understanding of the mechanisms responsible for graft acceptance after donor-specific blood transfusion (DST) has remained(More)
BACKGROUND Tolerance to cardiac allografts can be induced in mice and rats by the injection of donor alloantigen into the thymus in combination with a CD4 T-cell-depleting antibody. CD8(+) cells in these animals are hyporesponsive to graft-specific alloantigens. Most of the CD8(+) T cells in the transgenic 2C mouse express a T-cell receptor specific for the(More)
BACKGROUND The precise mechanisms leading to polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) recruitment and activation in the extended cold-preserved liver after transplantation are not yet fully understood. METHODS We histologically evaluated the number of accumulated PMNs in graft livers, with varying time periods of cold ischemia (1, 6, and 24 hr in University of(More)
BACKGROUND Intrathymic (IT) alloantigen combined with administration of rabbit anti-rat anti-lymphocyte serum (ALS) intraperitoneally induces donor-specific tolerance to rat cardiac transplants. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a brief course (4 days) of cyclosporine (CsA) on the development of IT tolerance. METHODS Buffalo (BUF)(More)