Yoshiaki Ogura

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This paper examines how technology transfer within U. S. multinational firms changes in response to a series of IPR reforms undertaken by sixteen countries over the 1982–1999 period. Analysis of detailed firm-level data reveals that royalty payments for technology transferred to affiliates increase at the time of reforms, as do affiliate R&D expenditures(More)
This paper examines how technology transfer within U.S. multinational firms changes in response to a series of IPR reforms undertaken by 16 countries over the 1982-1999 period. Analysis of detailed firm-level data reveals that royalty payments for technology transferred to affiliates increase at the time of reforms, as do affiliate R&D expenditures and(More)
What is driving the remarkable increase over the last decade in the propensity of patents to cite academic science? Does this trend indicate that stronger knowledge spillovers from academia have helped power the surge in innovative activity in the U.S. in the 1990s? This paper seeks to shed light on these questions by using a common empirical framework to(More)
In cases of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in which the patient survived for only a short period of time and was without macroscopic changes at autopsy, it is difficult to diagnose TBI. To detect early diagnostic markers of diffuse axonal injury (DAI), real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in an experimental head(More)
Methamphetamine (MAP) is one of the most abused drugs in Japan. The rate of MAP abuse by young women has recently reached more than 50 percent in adolescents. A major health concern is that these women will continue to use MAP during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether MAP administered to the mother during pregnancy would change(More)
This paper theoretically and empirically analyzes the effect of strengthening intellectual property rights in developing countries on the level and composition of industrial development. We develop a North-South product cycle model in which Northern innovation, Southern imitation, and FDI are all endogenous. Our model predicts that IPR reform in the South(More)
A 59-year-old man was carried to the hospital by three men. The deceased was unconscious at admission and his face was severely swollen with many subcutaneous hemorrhages and extensive edema. His death was confirmed 17 min after resuscitation. A judicial autopsy was performed the next day. Findings showed that the victim's face and head were reddish and(More)
Using unique data we test various trade credit theories and find the following. First, the length of a buyer-seller relationship has a positive impact on the use of trade credit, especially for longer-term credit. In contrast, short-term trade credit is extended based on buyers’ hard information. Second, trade credit is more frequently used for transactions(More)
RIETI Discussion Papers Series aims at widely disseminating research results in the form of professional papers, thereby stimulating lively discussion. The views expressed in the papers are solely those of the author(s), and do not present those of the Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry. ABSTRACT Existing theories consistently predict that(More)
In this paper, we study bank loan responses to monetary policy and bank capital shocks using Japan’s disaggregated data sorted by borrower firms’ size and industry. Employing a block recursive VAR, we demonstrate that bank loan responses exhibit large sectoral heterogeneity. Among a broad range of indicators about borrower firms’ characteristics, the(More)