Yoshiaki Ogiyama

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INTRODUCTION We have reported that the circadian rhythm of urinary potassium excretion (U(K)V) is determined by the rhythm of urinary sodium excretion (U(Na)V) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We also reported that treatment with an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) increased the U(Na)V during the daytime, and restored the non-dipper blood(More)
INTRODUCTION Increased sympathetic nerve activity has been suggested in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pathologic sympathetic activity can alter heart rate variability (HRV), and the altered HRV has prognostic importance, so that reducing sympathetic activity may be an important strategy. Novel nonlinear HRVs, including deceleration capacity(More)
OBJECTIVE The sympathetic nervous system plays an important role in blood pressure regulation even in the early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS To understand the role of the sympathetic system, we examined the relationship between day/night ratios of both heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) as well as HR variability (HRV, SD)(More)
Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) have been commonly used as pivotal immunosuppressive agents to renal transplant recipients and have contributed significantly to improving short-term allograft survival. However, long-term administration of CNI may cause an adverse effect on kidney function, known as chronic nephrotoxicity. Chronic CNI nephrotoxicity (CNI-NT)(More)
Proportions of elderly aged ≥65 and ≥75 within Japan will increase to 30 and 20 %, respectively, in 2025, when “Baby-Boom Generations” will reach the age of 75 years. Okabayashi and colleagues report that even in elderly patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN), immunosuppressive treatment can reduce proteinuria, with no adverse events. Their findings remind us(More)
We have revealed that even in humans, activated intrarenal renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) enhances tubular sodium reabsorption to facilitate salt sensitivity and nondipper rhythm of blood pressure (BP), and that angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) could increase daytime urinary sodium excretion rate (UNaV) to produce lower sodium balance and(More)
Acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) is one of the most common renal diseases. They are often associated with infections and can result in diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (GN). This case report reviews an interesting case in which renal endarteritis coexisted in AGN with diffuse endocapillary proliferation. The discussion highlights important(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) produce a lower sodium (Na) balance, and the natriuretic effect is enhanced under Na deprivation, despite falls in blood pressure (BP) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). METHODS The effect of additional hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ; 12.5 mg/day) to ARB treatment (valsartan; 80 mg/day) on glomerulotubular Na(More)
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