Yoshiaki Nakai

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Cytogenetic examination of four Japanese hagfish species belonging to the order Myxinida (Eptatretus okinoseanus, E. burgeri. Paramyxine atami, and Myxine garmani) revealed differences in chromosome number between germ cells (spermatocytes and spermatogonia) and somatic cells (liver, blood, gill, and kidney). The differences in chromosome number between(More)
The role of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), an efflux ABC transporter, in the pharmacokinetics of substrate drugs in humans is unknown. We investigated the impact of genetic polymorphisms of ABCG2 (421C>A) and NAT2 on the pharmacokinetics of sulfasalazine (SASP), a dual substrate, in 37 healthy volunteers, taking 2,000 mg of conventional SASP(More)
Yokukansan (YKS), a traditional Japanese medicine, is composed of seven kinds of dried herbs. It is widely prescribed in clinical situation for treating psychiatric disorders such as aggressiveness in patients with dementia. We previously demonstrated that YKS and Uncaria hook (UH), which is a constituent herb of YKS, had a partial agonistic effect to(More)
The modal number of chromosomes in Eptatretus burgeri was 36 in 297 (81.8%) of 363 somatic cells, 52 in 13 (30.2%) of 43 spermatogonia, and 25 (46.8%) or 26 (40.3%) in 162 of 186 first spermatocytes. The relative amount of DNA in a somatic cell to that in a spermatogonium averaged 79.2%. C-band-positive chromatin was observed along almost the entire length(More)
Acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood (ANE) is characterized by multiple, symmetrical brain lesions affecting the bilateral thalami, putamina and cerebral white matter, which often show a concentric structure on CT and MRI. To reveal the pathological substrate of this finding, comparison was made between CT and necropsy findings of three fatal cases(More)
The dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) is an important nucleus in pain modulation. It has abundant 5-HT neurons and many other neurotransmitter and/or neuromodulator containing neurons. Its vast fiber connections to other parts of the central nervous system provide a morphological basis for its pain modulating function. Its descending projections, via the nucleus(More)
INTRODUCTION Selective cannulation fails in approximately 3 % of endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) procedures. An endoscopic ultrasound-guided rendezvous technique (EUS - RV) may salvage failed cannulation. The aims of the current study were to determine the safety and efficacy of EUS - RV. METHODS A total of 40 patients underwent salvage EUS -(More)
We have demonstrated that the ischemia-induced apoptosis of neurons in the CA1 region of the rat hippocampus was prevented by either intracerebroventricular or intravenous infusion of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-apoptotic effect of PACAP remain to be determined. Within 3-6(More)
An antiserum raised to highly purified chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) prolactin (sPRL) was used to identify prolactin-producing cells in the adenohypophysis of 15 species of teleosts by the immunocytochemical peroxidase-antiperoxidase method. In the chum salmon, the only pituitary cells that reacted with sPRL antibody were the PRL cells organized as(More)
BACKGROUND The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is thought to have a role in carcinogenesis, and RAS inhibition may prevent tumour growth. METHODS We retrospectively investigated the impact of angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II type-1 receptor blockers (ARBs) in 155 patients with pancreatic cancer receiving gemcitabine(More)