Yoshiaki Moriki

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The influx transport mechanism of pentazocine (PTZ) at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was investigated in rats using the carotid injection technique. The uptake kinetics of PTZ into the rat brain exhibited saturability, which occurred by both nonsaturable and carrier-mediated transport processes. The in vivo kinetic parameters were estimated as follows: the(More)
The involvement of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in pentazocine (PTZ) transport at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in rats was evaluated by means of an in vivo study using the brain uptake index (BUI) method. The amount of radioactivity in the brain was estimated at different intervals (up to 240 s) after carotid injection in rats. The apparent elimination rate(More)
The involvement of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in buprenorphine (BNP) transport at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in rats was investigated in vivo by means of both the brain uptake index technique and the brain efflux index technique. P-gp inhibitors, such as cyclosporin A, quinidine and verapamil, enhanced the apparent brain uptake of [3H]BNP by 1.5-fold. The(More)
The efflux transport of pentazocine (PTZ) from the brain across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was investigated using the Brain Efflux Index method. PTZ was eliminated with the apparent elimination half-life of 13.0 min after microinjection into the parietal cortex area 2 region of the rat brain. The apparent efflux clearance of PTZ across the BBB was 137(More)
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