Yoshiaki Kidokoro

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In a temperature-sensitive Drosophila mutant, shibire, synaptic vesicles are completely depleted in nerve terminals after stimulation at 34 degrees C, but upon returning to 22 degrees C, endocytosis resumes. In this study, synaptic vesicles in the boutons of nerve terminals at the mutant neuromuscular junction were loaded with a fluorescent dye, FM1-43,(More)
At Drosophila neuromuscular junctions, there are two synaptic vesicle pools, namely the exo/endo cycling pool (ECP) and the reserve pool (RP). We studied the recruitment process from RP using a fluorescent dye, FMI-43. During high-frequency nerve stimulation, vesicles in RP were recruited for release, and endocytosed vesicles were incorporated into both(More)
Individual contributions made by different calcium release and sequestration mechanisms to various aspects of excitable cell physiology are incompletely understood. SERCA, a sarco-endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase, being the main agent for calcium uptake into the ER, plays a central role in this process. By isolation and extensive characterization of(More)
Two modes of vesicular release of transmitter occur at a synapse: spontaneous release in the absence of a stimulus and evoked release that is triggered by Ca2+ influx. These modes often have been presumed to represent the same exocytotic apparatus functioning at different rates in different Ca2+ concentrations. To investigate the mechanism of transmitter(More)
Two vesicle pools, readily releasable (RRP) and reserve (RP) pools, are present at Drosophila neuromuscular junctions. Using a temperature-sensitive mutant, shibire(ts), we studied pool sizes and vesicle mobilization rates. In shibire(ts), due to lack of endocytosis at nonpermissive temperatures, synaptic currents continuously declined during tetanic(More)
1. The role of action potentials in adrenaline secretion was investigated in the rat adrenal medulla. The effects of various treatments on adrenaline secretion from the perfused adrenal medulla were compared with the effects of similar treatments on spike frequency in dissociated adrenal chromaffin cells. 2. KCl concentrations between 10 and 20 mM increased(More)
1. Electrophysiological properties of the rat chromaffin cell were studied using intracellular recording techniques. 2. The resting potential in the chromaffin cell was -49 +/- 6 mV (mean +/- S.D., n = 14) in standard saline containing 10 mM-Ca whereas that in Na-free saline was -63 +/- 9 mV (n = 17). At rest, the membrane has a substantial Na permeability.(More)
As a motor axon grows from the CNS to its target muscle, the terminal has the form of a flattened growth cone with a planar central region, lamellipodia, and filopodia. A mature terminal usually has a stereotyped shape that may be elongated with varicosities, as in several invertebrate species, or have short branches with boutons, as in mammals. We examined(More)
After synaptic vesicles (SVs) undergo exocytosis, SV pools are replenished by recycling SVs at nerve terminals. At Drosophila neuromuscular synapses, there are two distinct SV pools (i.e., the exo/endo cycling pool (ECP), which primarily maintains synaptic transmission, and the reserve pool (RP), which participates in synaptic transmission only during(More)