Yoshiaki Kawase

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An analysis of 64 patients with congenital stationary night blindness showed that all had essentially normal fundi. Electroretinography (ERG) showed a normal a wave with extremely reduced b wave (negative type) when recorded with a single bright white stimulus in the dark. We classified these patients into two groups based on the evaluation of rod ERG(More)
The on- and off-responses of photopic electroretinogram (ERG) were recorded by rectangular light stimuli in 13 patients with complete type and 9 patients with incomplete type of congenital stationary night blindness. The positive on-response (b-wave) was significantly smaller in both types than in normal subjects (P less than 0.001). The rapid off-response(More)
Heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in contemporary societies. Although progress in conventional treatment modalities is making steady and incremental gains to reduce this disease burden, there remains a need to explore new and potentially therapeutic approaches. Gene therapy, for example, was initially envisioned as a treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral regurgitation (MR) doubles mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). We have demonstrated that MR worsens remodeling after MI and that early correction reverses remodeling. Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(+2)-ATPase (SERCA2a) is downregulated in this process. We hypothesized that upregulating SERCA2a might inhibit remodeling in a surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in North America. With an aging population and an unmet clinical need by current pharmacologic and device-related therapeutic strategies, novel treatment options for HF are being explored. One such promising strategy is gene therapy to target underlying molecular anomalies in the(More)
BACKGROUND Ventricular arrhythmias are life-threatening complications of heart failure and myocardial ischemia. Increased diastolic Ca2+ overload occurring in ischemia leads to afterdepolarizations and aftercontractions that are responsible for cellular electric instability. We inquired whether sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase pump (SERCA2a)(More)
We found an unusual form of macular dystrophy in three patients from two generations of the same family. The fundi of these patients appeared normal by ophthalmoscopy and fluorescein angiography, even in an older patient and in patients with poor visual acuity. Results of full-field electroretinograms were also normal in both cone and rod components. Focal(More)
Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in contemporary societies. While progress in conventional treatment modalities is making steady and incremental gains to reduce this disease burden, there remains a need to explore new and potentially therapeutic approaches. Gene therapy, which was initially envisioned as a treatment(More)
BACKGROUND RNA interference (RNAi) has the potential to be a novel therapeutic strategy in diverse areas of medicine. Here, we report on targeted RNAi for the treatment of heart failure, an important disorder in humans that results from multiple causes. Successful treatment of heart failure is demonstrated in a rat model of transaortic banding by RNAi(More)