Yoshiaki Fujinami

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To elucidate mechanisms underlying mitochondrial dysfunctions induced by glutamate, we have examined the effects of in vivo treatment with the ionotropic glutamate receptor agonist kainate on localization of the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) in mitochondria as well as nuclei of murine brain. A systemic administration of kainate(More)
Trigeminal neuropathic pain is a facial pain syndrome associated with trigeminal nerve injury. However, the mechanism of trigeminal neuropathic pain is poorly understood. This study aimed to determine the role of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in heat hyperalgesia in a trigeminal neuropathic pain model. We evaluated nociceptive responses(More)
We recently showed that acute energy failure in the rat cochlea induced by local administration of the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) causes hearing loss mainly due to degeneration of cochlear lateral-wall fibrocytes. In the present study, we analyzed the effect of the pan-caspase inhibitor z-Val-Ala-Asp(Ome)-fluoromethylketone (Z-VAD-FMK)(More)
OBJECTIVE Macrolide antibiotics are reported to modulate the production of cytokines in various type of cells. We examined the effect of macrolide antibiotics on inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and IL-8) and chemical mediator (PGE(2)) and also matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) productions by human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) treated with lipopolysaccharide(More)
Spermidine (SPD) and spermine (SPN) have been shown to be endogenous agonists for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors that could lead to expression of the nuclear transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP1) complex in the mammalian central nervous system both in vitro and in vivo. In nuclear extracts of murine whole brain, AP1 DNA binding increased(More)
We have demonstrated previously that the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) complex is translocated into mitochondria into the nucleus in murine hippocampus after systemic kainate injection (Ogita et al. [2002] J. Neurosci. 22:2561-2570). The present study investigates whether the mitochondrial AP-1 complex translocated in response to kainate(More)
We previously reported that treatment of the rat cochlea with a mitochondrial toxin, 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP), causes temporary to permanent hearing loss depending on the amount of the drug. Furthermore, apoptosis of cochlear lateral wall fibrocytes, which are important for maintaining the endolymph, is a predominant pathological feature in this animal(More)
Periodontal disease is accompanied by inflammation of the gingiva and destruction of periodontal tissues, leading to alveolar bone loss in severe clinical cases. Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and the chemical mediator prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) are known to play important roles in inflammatory responses and tissue degradation. Recently, we reported that the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate pharmacologically whether CaSRs are involved in the Ca(2+) antagonist-induced [Ca(2+)]i elevation in gingival fibroblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS Gin-1 cells, normal human gingival fibroblasts, were used as the material. The [Ca(2+)] i was measured with fura-2/AM, a Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent dye. RESULTS At first, we confirmed(More)
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