Yoshiaki Fujinami

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We recently showed that acute energy failure in the rat cochlea induced by local administration of the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) causes hearing loss mainly due to degeneration of cochlear lateral-wall fibrocytes. In the present study, we analyzed the effect of the pan-caspase inhibitor z-Val-Ala-Asp(Ome)-fluoromethylketone (Z-VAD-FMK)(More)
To elucidate mechanisms underlying mitochondrial dysfunctions induced by glutamate, we have examined the effects of in vivo treatment with the ionotropic glutamate receptor agonist kainate on localization of the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) in mitochondria as well as nuclei of murine brain. A systemic administration of kainate(More)
Spermidine (SPD) and spermine (SPN) have been shown to be endogenous agonists for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors that could lead to expression of the nuclear transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP1) complex in the mammalian central nervous system both in vitro and in vivo. In nuclear extracts of murine whole brain, AP1 DNA binding increased(More)
Cochlear fibrocytes play important roles in normal hearing as well as in several types of sensorineural hearing loss attributable to inner ear homeostasis disorders. Recently, we developed a novel rat model of acute sensorineural hearing loss attributable to fibrocyte dysfunction induced by a mitochondrial toxin. In this model, we demonstrate active(More)
We previously reported that treatment of the rat cochlea with a mitochondrial toxin, 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP), causes temporary to permanent hearing loss depending on the amount of the drug. Furthermore, apoptosis of cochlear lateral wall fibrocytes, which are important for maintaining the endolymph, is a predominant pathological feature in this animal(More)
We have demonstrated previously that the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) complex is translocated into mitochondria into the nucleus in murine hippocampus after systemic kainate injection (Ogita et al. [2002] J. Neurosci. 22:2561-2570). The present study investigates whether the mitochondrial AP-1 complex translocated in response to kainate(More)
Many stimuli such as ischemia, hypoxia, heat shock, amino acid starvation, and gene mutation, exhibit a cellular response called endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. ER stress induces expression of a series of genes, leading to cell survival or apoptosis. Previously, we found that in an animal model of hearing loss caused by acute mitochondrial dysfunction,(More)
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