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The Ran GTPase controls multiple cellular processes, including nuclear transport, mitotic checkpoints, spindle assembly and post-mitotic nuclear envelope reassembly. Here we examine the mitotic function of Crm1, the Ran-GTP-binding nuclear export receptor for leucine-rich cargo (bearing nuclear export sequence) and Snurportin-1 (ref. 3). We find that Crm1(More)
The Ran protein is a small GTPase that has been implicated in a large number of nuclear processes including transport. RNA processing and cell cycle checkpoint control. A similar spectrum of nuclear activities has been shown to require RCC1, the guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Ran. We have used the Xenopus laevis egg extract system and in vitro(More)
Small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) processing and deconjugation are mediated by sentrin-specific proteases/ubiquitin-like proteases (SENP/Ulps). We show that SUMO-specific protease 1 (SUSP1), a mammalian SENP/Ulp, localizes within the nucleoplasm. SUSP1 depletion within cell lines expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fusions to(More)
We have analyzed the abundance of SUMO-conjugated species during the cell cycle in Xenopus egg extracts. The predominant SUMO conjugation products associated with mitotic chromosomes arose from SUMO conjugation of topoisomerase II. Topoisomerase II was modified exclusively by SUMO-2/3 during mitosis under normal circumstances, although we observed(More)
Here we show that the PIASy protein is specifically required for mitotic modification of Topoisomerase-II by SUMO-2 conjugation in Xenopus egg extracts. PIASy was unique among the PIAS family members in its capacity to bind mitotic chromosomes and recruit Ubc9 onto chromatin. These properties were essential, since PIASy mutants that did not bind chromatin(More)
Using the two-hybrid method, we isolated a Saccharomyces cerevisiae cDNA encoding a protein homologous to Schizosaccharomyces pombe protein Dis3sp, using as bait, human GTPase Ran. The DIS3 gene is essential for viability and complements S.pombe mutant dis3-54 which is defective in mitosis. Although Dis3sc has no homology to RanBP1, it bound directly to Ran(More)
A human protein that is 92% identical and 97% homologous at the amino acid level to RanBP1 from mouse was identified by the two-hybrid method, using two types of target cDNAs fused to sequences encoding the GAL4 DNA-binding domain. The target cDNAs encoded the human Ran/TC4 and human RCC1 proteins, respectively. An in vitro binding experiment showed that(More)
Perturbations of the spi1p GTPase system in fission yeast, caused by mutation or overexpression of several regulatory proteins, result in a unique terminal phenotype that includes condensed chromosomes, a wide medial septum, and a fragmented nuclear envelope. To identify potential regulators or targets of the spi1p GTPase system, a screen for cDNAs whose(More)
Charged amino acid residues of human RCC1 were converted to alanine and mutants which were unable to complement tsBN2 cells (a temperature-sensitive rcc1- mutant of the hamster BHK21 cell line) were selected. These RCC1 mutants were analyzed for the ability to inhibit premature chromatin condensation by microinjection into tsBN2 cells, and their(More)