Yoshiaki Ando

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The fact that reproductive factors have significant influence on the risk of breast cancer is well known. Early age of first full-term birth is highly protective against late-onset breast cancers, but each pregnancy, including the first one, increases the risk of early-onset breast cancer. Estradiol and progesterone induce receptor activator of NF-kappa B(More)
INTRODUCTION Endocrine therapy is the most important treatment option for women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. The potential mechanisms for endocrine resistance involve estrogen receptor (ER)-coregulatory proteins and crosstalk between ER and other growth factor signaling networks. However, the factors and pathways responsible for endocrine(More)
INTRODUCTION Endocrine therapy is the most important treatment option for women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. The potential mechanisms for endocrine resistance involve estrogen receptor (ER)-coregulatory proteins and cross-talk between ER and other growth factor-signaling networks. However, the factors and pathways responsible for endocrine(More)
BACKGROUND Expression of estrogen-regulated genes has been considered as potential predictive markers for endocrine therapy. We focused on two insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs): IGFBP-4, which is an early-responsive estrogen-induced gene, and IGFBP-5, which is an estrogen-repressed gene. Investigation of IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5 expression(More)
T cell activation is regulated by two distinct signals, signals one and two. Concanavalin A (ConA) is an antigen-independent mitogen and functions as signal one inducer, leading T cells to polyclonal proliferation. CD28 is known to be one of major costimulatory receptors and to provide signal two in the ConA-induced T cell proliferation. Here, we have(More)
When a large disaster happens, health care workers need to determine the priority of medical treatment and perform triage. In order to carry out emergency lifesaving activities at an actual disaster site quickly and accurately, frequent training is very important. However, current training has issues such as cost, many time and effort to prepare, as well as(More)
Peripheral T cells are in G0 phase and do not proliferate. When they encounter an antigen, they enter the cell cycle and proliferate in order to initiate an active immune response. Here, we have determined the first two cell cycle times of a leading population of CD4+ T cells stimulated by PMA plus ionomycin in vitro. The first cell cycle began around 10 h(More)