Yoshiaki Aizawa

Learn More
The expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) was dominant in the brains and hearts of mice until the newborn phase. There is no detailed information concerning the relation between the expression of CAR and development of hearts. It is also uncertain whether CAR is able to be induced in adult hearts after cardiac injury. We demonstrated(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokines induce apoptosis in vascular disease lesions through enhancement of inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) activation. The thiazolidinediones, novel insulin-sensitizing agents, have been demonstrated to modulate cytokine-induced NO production. We have investigated the role of pioglitazone in the apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle(More)
Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) is associated with both graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. In the present study, we examined the contribution of cytotoxic effector mechanisms, which are mediated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), Fas ligand (FasL), or perforin, to GVHD and GVL effect in a(More)
Expression of CD134 (OX40) on activated CD4(+) T cells has been observed in acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after human and rat allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). We investigated the role of interaction between CD134 and CD134 ligand (CD134L) in a murine model of acute GVHD by using a newly established monoclonal antibody (mAb) against(More)
Autoimmunity after viral myocarditis is considered to be one of the causes of dilated cardiomyopathy. Cytokines are assumed to play an important role in the pathogenesis. We recently reported that interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN)-gamma mRNA are expressed in the myocardium of rats with experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM). However, the role of(More)
A method has been developed to quantitate regional cerebral blood blow (rCBF) using iodine-123-labelled N-isopropyl-p-iodoamphetamine (IMP). This technique requires only two single-photon emission tomography (SPET) scans and one blood sample. Based on a two-compartment model, radioactivity concentrations in the brain for each scan time (early: t(e);(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical manifestations of acute myocarditis, with distinct onset, vary from asymptomatic to fatal. The predictors of the course of the disease in patients with acute myocarditis at initial presentation have not yet been established. In this study, we examined the predictive values of various parameters in the disease course of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The beneficial effects of thermal therapy have been reported in several cardiovascular diseases. However, it is unknown whether the thermal treatment has some beneficial roles against the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS The inflammatory arterial lesion was introduced by placement of a polyethylene cuff on femoral arteries of(More)
C D36 is an 88 kDa glycoprotein IV expressed in platelets, monocytes, erythroblasts, capillary endothelial cells, and mammary epithelial cells. 1 CD6 was reported to be a receptor for collagen, thrombospondin, P falciparum infected red blood cells, 2 apoptotic neutrophils, 3 oxidised low density lipoproteins, 4 and as a transporter for long chain fatty(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (AII) plays a central role in vascular remodeling via oxidative stress. However, the interaction between AII and reduced glutathione (GSH) redox status in cardiovascular remodeling remains unknown. METHODS In vivo: The cuff-induced vascular injury model was applied to Sprague Dawley rats. Then we administered saline or a GSH(More)