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We examined whether protein and carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation during 5-day training enhanced plasma volume (PV) expansion and thermoregulatory and cardiovascular adaptations in young men. Eighteen men [age 23 ± 4 (SD) yr] were divided into two groups according to supplements: placebo (CNT: 0.93 kcal/kg, 0.00 g protein/kg, n = 9) and protein and CHO(More)
PURPOSE We tested the suitability of triaxial accelerometry to evaluate walking efficiency in older subjects. METHODS First, we verified the accuracy to estimate the oxygen consumption rate (.VO2, mL.min-1) from the total impulse (Itotal, N.min-1), the square root of summed accelerations of each direction, during graded walking on a flat ground in 13 male(More)
PURPOSE To examine whether the biased estimation of oxygen consumption rate (VO2, mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) by accelerometry during incline walking can be improved by the addition of altitude changes as measured by barometry. METHODS We measured VO2 by respiratory gas analysis and vector magnitude (VM, G) from triaxial accelerations in 42 healthy people(More)
We examined whether enhanced cardiovascular and thermoregulatory responses during exercise after short-term aerobic training in a warm environment were reversed when plasma volume (PV) expansion was reversed by acute isotonic hypohydration. Seven young men performed aerobic training at the 70% peak oxygen consumption rate (Vo(₂peak)) at 30°C atmospheric(More)
There is no exercise training regimen broadly available in the field to increase physical fitness and prevent lifestyle-related diseases in middle-aged and older people. We have developed interval walking training (IWT) repeating five or more sets of 3 min fast walking at 70% peak aerobic capacity for walking (w ) per day with intervening 3 min slow walking(More)
We examined whether less convective heat loss during exercise at high altitude than at sea level was partially caused by reduced cutaneous vasodilation due to enhanced plasma water loss into contracting muscles and whether it was caused by hypoxia rather than by hypobaria. Seven young men performed cycling exercise for 40 min at 50% peak aerobic power in(More)
We assessed the effects of aerobic and/or resistance training on thermoregulatory responses in older men and analyzed the results in relation to the changes in peak oxygen consumption rate (VO(2 peak)) and blood volume (BV). Twenty-three older men [age, 64 +/- 1 (SE) yr; VO(2 peak), 32.7 +/- 1.1 ml. kg(-1). min(-1)] were divided into three training regimens(More)
The role of skin temperature in reflex control of the active cutaneous vasodilator system was examined in six subjects during mild graded heat stress imposed by perfusing water at 34, 36, 38, and 40 degrees C through a tube-lined garment. Skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA) was recorded from the peroneal nerve with microneurography. While monitoring(More)
The purposes of this review are to show pathophysiological mechanisms for heat illness during working in a hot environment and accordingly provide some preventive considerations from a viewpoint of body fluid homeostasis. The incidence of the heat illness is closely associated with body temperature regulation, which is much affected by body fluid state in(More)
We examined whether oropharyngeal stimulation by drinking released the dehydration-induced suppression of cutaneous vasodilatation and decreased mean arterial pressure (MAP) in exercising subjects, and assessed the effects of hypovolaemia or hyperosmolality alone on these responses. Seven young males underwent four hydration conditions. These were two(More)