Yosh Maruyama

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To assess the efficacy of surgical resection of brain metastases from extracranial primary cancer, we randomly assigned patients with a single brain metastasis to either surgical removal of the brain tumor followed by radiotherapy (surgical group) or needle biopsy and radiotherapy (radiation group). Forty-eight patients (25 in the surgical group and 23 in(More)
Medulloblastoma is highly radioresponsive, and recent treatment results have improved greatly since the introduction of megavoltage machine in 1960s. There is increasing evidence for the potential cure of medulloblastoma if properly treated in its early stages. The curable group represents approximately 75% of diagnosed patients. Long-term treatment effects(More)
Fast-neutron-beam therapy and low-dose-rate fast-neutron intracavitary therapy of cervical carcinoma are effective in producing regression of advanced tumors. However, effectiveness is critically dependent on the schedule by which they are used in combination with fractionated external low-linear-energy-transfer (LET) therapy. Neutron-beam therapy is now(More)
Cerebellar glioblastoma multiforme in childhood is extremely rare. Only ten such cases have been reported to date. Although treatment results are reported to be extremely poor, complete tumor clearance was achieved in a patient treated with superfractionated radiotherapy. She received high dose postoperative radiotherapy using a three times per day(More)
The value of X-ray studies and bone scan studies of cervix cancer patients was evaluated by a review of patient charts and bone scans or X-ray studies. No in situ cancer patients had positive studies. A low frequency of positive X-ray studies was observed ranging from 1% with stage I to 10% with stage IV disease. Recurrent carcinoma had 10% positive(More)
Seventy-five patients with bulky barrel-shaped Stage IB cervical cancers, treated at the University of Kentucky from 1965 to 1981, were the subjects of this investigation. Thirty-two of these patients were treated with radiation therapy alone and 43 were treated with radiation followed by extra-fascial hysterectomy. There were no significant differences in(More)
Forty-one patients with small cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix were evaluated and treated at the University of Kentucky Medical Center from 1962 to 1974. Eighteen patients (44%) developed widespread metastases and died of recurrent cancer within 2 years of therapy. Common sites of metastases included the lung, liver, and bone. There was a significantly(More)
To facilitate its use in the clinic, Barendsen's formulation of the Linear-Quadratic (LQ) model is modified by expressing isoeffect doses in terms of the "Standard Effective Dose," Ds, the isoeffective dose for the "standard" fractionation schedule of 2 Gy fractions given once per day, 5 days per week. For any arbitrary fractionation schedule, where total(More)
Reports on clinical study of Cf-252 pelvic brachytherapy are reviewed and show that complication frequency is low. Low dose rate (LDR) neutron brachytherapy has been shown to be effective against cervical and advanced pelvic cancers; and produces 5 year cures without a high frequency of normal tissue complications. This is attributed to a high relative(More)