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STUDY OBJECTIVES To evaluate the impact of a multifactorial intervention to improve the quality, efficiency, and patient understanding of care for community-acquired pneumonia. DESIGN Times series cohort study. SETTING Four academic health centers in the New York City metropolitan area. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS All consecutive adults hospitalized for(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of Chiari malformations is incompletely understood. We tested the hypothesis that different etiologies have different mechanisms of cerebellar tonsil herniation (CTH), as revealed by posterior cranial fossa (PCF) morphology. METHODS In 741 patients with Chiari malformation type I (CM-I) and 11 patients with Chiari malformation(More)
BACKGROUND Dysglycemia is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. In many patient populations dysglycemia is under-diagnosed. Patients with severe coronary artery disease commonly have dysglycemia and there is growing evidence that dysglycemia, irrespective of underlying history of diabetes, is associated with adverse outcome in coronary artery bypass(More)
This article describes outcomes of a new model of care for hospitalized elders and their families. Patient functional and cognitive status on admission and discharge were evaluated for changes as a result of an educational program for preparing family-centered geriatric resource nurses. Patients in the intervention group (n = 173) demonstrated significant(More)
BACKGROUND Hand hygiene is a key measure in preventing infections. We evaluated healthcare worker (HCW) hand hygiene with the use of remote video auditing with and without feedback. METHODS The study was conducted in an 17-bed intensive care unit from June 2008 through June 2010. We placed cameras with views of every sink and hand sanitizer dispenser to(More)
BACKGROUND Concern about the expense and effects of intensive care prompted the development and implementation of a hospital-based performance improvement initiative in critical care at North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York, a 730-bed acute care teaching hospital. THE HOSPITAL-BASED PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT INITIATIVE IN CRITICAL CARE: The(More)
A study was carried out across 11 psychiatric and mental retardation, and developmental disabilities facilities to investigate the impact of a computerized drug prescription monitoring system on clinicians' prescribing behavior, knowledge of pharmacotherapy, attitudes toward computers, and the relationships between their attitudes and changes in their(More)
The quality management (QM) department at a large integrated healthcare system developed a methodology for preventing, predicting, and treating pressure injuries across the continuum, from acute care to long-term care to home care. The initiative, the first recipient of the Ernest A. Codman Award of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare(More)
The North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System Laboratories serve 15 hospitals and affiliated regional physician practices in the New York City metropolitan area, with virus testing performed at a central reference laboratory. The influenza A pandemic (H1N1) 2009 outbreak began in this area on April 24, 2009, and within weeks respiratory virus testing(More)
BACKGROUND Over a decade ago, the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP, 1997) recommended a new tool, the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH) tool to document ulcers and monitor the healing process. Yet, traditional nursing observation remains standard practice in chronic care, thus prompting this correlational study between PUSH and(More)