Yoram Yerushalmi

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Periodic pulses of the insect steroid molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), acting via its nuclear receptor complex (EcR/USP), control gene expression at many stages throughout Drosophila development. However, during the last larval instar of some lepidopteran insects, subtle changes in titers of ecdysteroids have been documented, including the(More)
Juvenile hormone (JH) regulates insect development by a poorly understood mechanism. Application of JH agonist insecticides to Drosophila melanogaster during the ecdysone-driven onset of metamorphosis results in lethality and specific morphogenetic defects, some of which resemble those in mutants of the ecdysone-regulated Broad-Complex (BR-C). The(More)
Horned beetles and beetle horns are emerging as a model system suited to address fundamental questions in evolutionary developmental biology. Here we briefly review the biology of horned beetles and highlight the unusual opportunities they provide for evo-devo research. We then summarize recent advances in the development of new approaches and techniques(More)
The dark-colour-inducing effect of several peptides in comparison to that of the dark-colour-inducing neurohormone (DCIN, [His(7)]-corazonin) of locusts was investigated by a bioassay based on nymphs of a DCIN-deficient albino mutant of Locusta migratoria. The study was aimed at elucidating the active part of the DCIN and to explore the contribution of its(More)
Primary neural cultures from the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, enable a high-resolution glance into cellular processes and neuronal interaction. The development of the culture, along with its vitality and functionality, can be continuously monitored, and the abundance of available tools for D. melanogaster research can greatly assist in characterizing(More)
The evolution of several floral traits is thought to be driven by multiple selective agents, including pollinators and herbivores. Similar combinations of selection pressures may have shaped extra-floral traits. The conspicuous purple tufts of leaves (“flags”), which often terminate vertical inflorescences in the Mediterranean annual Salvia viridis, were(More)
In response to crowding, locusts develop characteristic black patterns that are well discernible in the gregarious phase at outbreaks. We report here a dark-color-inducing neuropeptide (dark-pigmentotropin) from the corpora cardiaca of two plague locusts, Schistocerca gregaria and Locusta migratoria. The chromatographic isolation of this neuropeptide was(More)
The dark-color-inducing neurohormone (DCIN) of locusts and corazonin of a cockroach, both 11 residue-long peptides, induce dark coloration in albino nymphs of Locusta migratoria when injected after a nymphal molt. These peptides differ at position 7 (His in DCIN and Arg in corazonin) and elicit an almost identical darkening response. The three-dimensional(More)
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