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BACKGROUND Uncontrolled bleeding is a leading cause of death in trauma. Two randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials (one in blunt trauma and one in penetrating trauma) were conducted simultaneously to evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) as adjunctive therapy for control of bleeding in patients with severe blunt(More)
BACKGROUND Bleeding is the most frequent cause of preventable death after severe injury. Coagulopathy associated with severe injury complicates the control of bleeding and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. The causes and mechanisms are multiple and yet to be clearly defined. METHODS Articles addressing the causes and(More)
A retrospective analysis of 118 trauma patients who underwent tracheostomy for airway and pulmonary management was undertaken. Timing of the procedure was defined as early (0-3 days), intermediate (4-7 days), and late (> 7 days). Head injury patients received tracheostomy early (p < 0.00003). Aspiration evaluated by modified bedside aspiration test was a(More)
BACKGROUND Bleeding is one of the leading causes of preventable death after traumatic injury. Trauma-associated coagulopathy complicates the control of bleeding. The published approaches on the management of this coagulopathy differ significantly. METHODS A qualitative international survey of clinical practice among senior physicians responsible for the(More)
The CIAOW study (Complicated intra-abdominal infections worldwide observational study) is a multicenter observational study underwent in 68 medical institutions worldwide during a six-month study period (October 2012-March 2013). The study included patients older than 18 years undergoing surgery or interventional drainage to address complicated(More)
The open abdomen (OA) procedure is a significant surgical advance, as part of damage control techniques in severe abdominal trauma. Its application can be adapted to the advantage of patients with severe abdominal sepsis, however its precise role in these patients is still not clear. In severe abdominal sepsis the OA may allow early identification and(More)
BACKGROUND HSP90 chaperones molecules critical for cell survival and malignant progression, including mutated B-raf. HSP90-targeting agents are in clinical trials. No large studies have been conducted on expression of HSP90 in melanomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS Tissue microarrays containing 414 nevi, 198 primary and 270 metastatic melanomas were assessed(More)
In the last two decades there have been dramatic changes in the epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), with increases in incidence and severity of disease in many countries worldwide. The incidence of CDI has also increased in surgical patients. Optimization of management of C difficile, has therefore become increasingly urgent. An(More)
BACKGROUND The increase in the incidence of suicide bombings on urban civilian populations in the recent years necessitates a better understanding of the related epidemiology in order to improve the outcome of future casualties. OBJECTIVE To characterise the epidemiology of mass casualty incidents following suicide explosions in relation to the(More)