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A general multiaxial theory for the constitutive relations in fibrous connective tissues is developed on the basis of microstructural and thermodynamic considerations. It is compatible with existing general material theories. In elastic tissues, the theory considers the strain-energy function to be the sum of strain-energies of the tissue's components. The(More)
Structure tensors have been applied as descriptors of tissue morphology for constitutive modeling. Here the reliability of these tensors in representing tissues structure is investigated by model simulations of a few examples of generated and measured planar fiber orientation distributions. Reliability was evaluated by comparing the data with the(More)
The time-dependent mechanical properties of sheep digital extensor tendons were studied by sequences of stress-relaxation tests. The results exhibited irreversible preconditioning and reversible viscoelasticity. Preconditioning effects were manifested by stress decay during consecutive stretch cycles to the same strain level, accompanied by elongation of(More)
A theory for the rheological behavior and fluid flux in swelling tissues under small deformations is presented. Tissues are considered as bicomponent solid-fluid mixtures. Concentration effects are included. The driving forces (body, surface and interactive), are discussed and their constitutive relationships to the tissue's deformation are specified. Mass(More)
A model of left ventricular function is developed based on morphological characteristics of the myocardial tissue. The passive response of the three-dimensional collagen network and the active contribution of the muscle fibers are integrated to yield the overall response of the left ventricle which is considered to be a thick wall cylinder. The deformation(More)
The present study was undertaken with two objectives in view. The first was to distinguish between the "instantaneous" deformation and creep of articular cartilage when subjected to a step loading in unconfined compression. This was done by observing changes in the specimen's diameter rather than its thickness. The second objective was to investigate(More)
The objective of this study was to define the constitutive response of brainstem undergoing finite shear deformation. Brainstem was characterized as a transversely isotropic viscoelastic material and the material model was formulated for numerical implementation. Model parameters were fit to shear data obtained in porcine brainstem specimens undergoing(More)
The coronary vasculature is characterized by highly asymmetric diameters at bifurcations, which may be an important determinant of flow distribution. To facilitate accurate reconstruction of the coronary network for hemodynamic analysis, we introduce a statistical data set of the diameter asymmetry at bifurcations based on morphometric data of the porcine(More)