Yoram Grossman

Ben Aviner6
Amir Mor4
Michael Hollmann3
Alice Bliznyuk3
6Ben Aviner
4Amir Mor
3Michael Hollmann
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We studied the effect of olfactory learning-induced modifications in piriform (olfactory) cortex pyramidal neurons on the propagation of postsynaptic potentials (PSPs). Rats were trained to distinguish between odors in pairs, in an olfactory discrimination task. Three days after training completion, PSPs were evoked in layer II pyramidal cells in piriform(More)
Recordings from cerebellar Purkinje cell dendrites have revealed that in response to sustained current injection, the cell firing pattern can move from tonic firing of Ca(2+) spikes to doublet firing and even to quadruplet firing or more complex firing. These firing patterns are not modified substantially if Na(+) currents are blocked. We show that the(More)
Pressure above 1.1 MPa induces in mammals and humans the high pressure neurological syndrome (HPNS). HPNS is characterized by cognitive and motor decrements associated with sleep disorders, EEG changes, tremor, and convulsions that ultimately may lead to death. Previous theories proposed that augmented response of the glutamatergic N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)
Known and unpublished data regarding hyperbaric pressure (HP) effects on voltage dependent-Ca2+ channels (VDCCs) were reviewed in an attempt to elucidate their role in the development of high-pressure neurological syndrome (HPNS). Most postulated effects from studies performed in the last two decades (e.g., depressed maximal current) rely on indirect(More)
High pressure, which induces central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction (high-pressure neurological syndrome) depresses synaptic transmission at all synapses examined to date. Several lines of evidence indicate an inhibitory effect of pressure on Ca(2+) entry into the presynaptic terminal. In the present work we studied for the first time the effect of(More)
In humans, hyperbaric pressure induces the high-pressure neurological syndrome (HPNS). HPNS is characterized by tremor, sleep disorders, electroencephalographic changes, and impairment of cognitive and motor performances. In animals, higher pressures result in convulsions and death. An increased N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) response has been(More)
  • Raz Palty, Michal Hershfinkel, Oren Yagev, Drorit Saar, Ronit Barkalifa, Daniel Khananshvili +3 others
  • 2006
Spliced isoforms of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, NCLX, truncated at the alpha-repeat region have been identified. The activity and functional organization of such proteins are, however, poorly understood. In the present work, we have studied Na+/Ca2+ exchange mediated by single alpha-repeat constructs (alpha1 and alpha2) of NCLX. Sodium-dependent calcium(More)
High pressure (>1.0 MPa) induces the high-pressure neurological syndrome (HPNS) characterized by increased excitability of the CNS and cognitive impairments involving memory disorders. The perforant-path transfer of cortical information to the hippocampal formation is important for memory acquisition. High pressure may alter information transfer in this(More)
High pressure (>1.5 MPa) induces a series of disturbances of the nervous system that are generically termed high-pressure nervous syndrome (HPNS). HPNS is characterized by motor and cognitive impairments. The neocortex and the hippocampus are presumably involved in this last disorder. The medial perforant path (MPP) synapse onto the granule cells of the(More)
Presynaptic Ca(2+) -dependent mechanisms have already been implicated in depression of evoked synaptic transmission by high pressure (HP). Therefore, pressure effects on terminal Ca(2+) currents were studied in Rana pipiens peripheral motor nerves. The terminal currents, evoked by nerve or direct stimulation, were recorded under the nerve perineurial sheath(More)