Learn More
The effect of varying the body surface area being cooled by a liquid microclimate system was evaluated during exercise heat-stress conditions. Six male subjects performed a total of six exercise (O2 uptake = 1.2 l/min) tests in a hot environment (ambient temperature = 38 degrees C, relative humidity = 30%) while dressed in clothing having low moisture(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the thermoregulatory responses during exercise in a hot climate among three age categories. Eight prepubertal (PP), eight young adult (Y) and eight elderly (O) male subjects cycled at an intensity of 50 +/- 1% of their maximum oxygen uptake (V(O2peak)) for 85 min (three 20 min bouts with three 7 min rest(More)
In the past, a mathematical equation to predict the metabolic cost of standing or walking (Mw) was developed. However, this equation was limited to speeds less than 2.2 m.s-1 and overestimated the metabolic cost of walking or running at higher speeds. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to develop a mathematical model for the metabolic cost of running(More)
The effect of different heat loads on vigilance and complex cognitive tasks involved in a mission of different intensities were examined. Nine healthy volunteers were randomly exposed for 2 h to three climatic conditions: comfort (21 degrees C ET), moderate heat load (30 degrees C ET) and severe heat load (35 degrees C ET). The subjects were assigned to(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity has become the most common pediatric chronic disease in the modern era. Early prevention and treatment of childhood and adolescent obesity is mandated. Surprisingly, however, only a minor fraction of obese children participate in weight reduction interventions, and the longer-term effects of these weight-reduction interventions among(More)
Heat stroke is the outcome of impaired heat dissipation which is aggravated by hot and humid environmental conditions. The very young and debilitated on the one hand and healthy individuals under considerable physical stress on the other are vulnerable to heat stroke. Post-mortem findings will depend on the time lapse between the stroke event and death. We(More)
Over the past century more than 100 indices have been developed and used to assess bioclimatic conditions for human beings. The majority of these indices are used sporadically or for specific purposes. Some are based on generalized results of measurements (wind chill, cooling power, wet bulb temperature) and some on the empirically observed reactions of the(More)
This study assessed the energetic status of soldiers exposed to intense physical activities in cold and warm weather. Thirty subjects participated in a two-phase study group A (n = 18) in the winter phase and group B (n = 12) in the summer phase. Energy expenditure (EE) was measured by the doubly labeled water technique; after a single, oral dosing of(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is now the most common chronic pediatric disease. Early health education programs could serve to prevent and treat childhood obesity and its numerous complications. AIM To examine the effects of a randomized prospective school-based intervention on anthropometric measures, body composition, leisure time habits and fitness in preschool(More)