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Prevalence is the best indicator of cancer survivorship in the population, but few studies have focused on brain tumor prevalence because of previous data limitations. Hence, the full impact of primary brain tumors on the healthcare system in the United States is not completely described. The present study provides an estimate of the prevalence of disease(More)
Development of head and neck cancer (HNC) is associated with human papillomavirus high-risk (HPV-HR) types. The HPV E7 oncoprotein inactivates the pRB protein increasing expression of p16(INK4a). P16 expression and HPV status have been associated with differences in clinical outcomes for HNC. This study examined whether HNC prognosis was different when(More)
INTRODUCTION This study evaluated the impact of a waiting room-administered, low-literacy, computer multimedia diabetes education program on patient self-management and provider intensification of therapy. METHODS In this randomized, controlled trial, 129 participants either viewed a computer multimedia education program (intervention group) or read an(More)
This study evaluated physician adherence to the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) hypertension guidelines in 6 community-based clinics. Explicit review of retrospective medical record data for patients with uncontrolled hypertension measured guideline adherence(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of a medication therapy management (MTM) intervention on adverse drug events (ADEs), health care visits, and drug-related problems (DRPs). DESIGN Randomized, controlled, clinical trial. SETTING Academic medical center community pharmacies and family medicine clinics at three U.S. sites between December 2007 and January(More)
BACKGROUND Beginning in 2009, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) revised its food packages and provided more whole grains, fruits, and vegetables and fewer foods with high saturated fat content. However, knowledge of the impact of this policy shift on the diets of WIC participants remains limited. PURPOSE To(More)
In March 2012, the CDC launched "Tips from Former Smokers," a $54 million national campaign featuring individuals experiencing long-term health consequences of smoking. The campaign approach was based on strong evidence that anti-tobacco ads portraying fear, graphic images, and personal testimonials are associated with attitudinal and behavior change. Yet(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether state-sponsored antitobacco advertisements are associated with reduced adult smoking, and interactions between smoking-related advertising types. METHODS We measured mean exposure to smoking-related advertisements with television ratings for the top-75 US media markets from 1999 to 2007. We combined these data with(More)
Mechanical stress on the intervertebral disc (IVD) may contribute significantly to IVD degeneration, although its pathomechanism has not been fully understood. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that sustained application of static shear force would result in IVD degeneration with minimum injury. We applied shear force on the rat lumbar(More)
To assess differences in the lag-effect pattern in the relationship between particulate matter less than 10 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(10)) and cause-specific mortality in Seoul, Korea, from January 1995 to December 1999, we performed a time-series analysis. We used a generalized additive Poisson regression model to control for time trends,(More)